liquid cooling system

Engine Cooling System of Car

Continuously running a car or an automobile can heat up the engine, and reach up to its extreme position beyond your thinking. According to the study, in engine cylinders the temperature of the burning gases can reach up to 1773.15K – 2273.15K (1500°C – 2000°C). It is more than the temperature and Melting Point of Platinum (1768°C) and Titanium (1668°C), which can oxidize the lubrication oil inside the engine and deposit carbon on the surface. 

The amount of heat delivered to the cylinder walls is too high and if this heat is not removed from the cylinder, it results in seizing the piston, high fuel consumption, pre-ignition and burning of lubricants, etc.

Only 30% of heat is used by the engine to convert into mechanical work, where 30% heat is useless and 40% heat exhausted by the exhaust fans. Not all heat generated by fuel combustion in engine cylinders is converted into useful power in the crankshaft. Thus to remove the excess heat from the engine cylinder a cooling system is used.

A system in the engine which is used to maintain the temperature or excess heat is known as the cooling system of the engine. When the engine is hot, it must remove the heat at a rapid rate. At the beginning of the engine, the engine cooling should be very slow so that the different working parts can reach their operating temperature in a few time.

Kinds of Cooling System

Two types of cooling systems are used in the engine.

  1. Air Cooling System
  2. Water Cooling System

Air Cooling System

Air cooling systems are typically used in small engines up to 15–20 kW. In these types of systems, the heat conducted by the outermost parts of the engine is radiate and the air is driven away from the stream, which is obtained from the atmosphere. An air-cooled engine is simpler to create than a water-cooled engine because heat is transferred directly from the cylinder and head to the air.

When the vehicle is normally driven at sufficient speed to provide sufficient wind speed to transfer heat, the whole cooling system is only the fins on the air-cooled engine. The air-cooled engine has a fan or blower, to improve the airflow in the rear of the wings adequately, with the small or slow movement of air.

As you know the air cooling system usually uses in small vehicles such as scooters, motorcycles, small car engines and also provides in some small industrial engines, where the forward speed of the machine gives good velocity to cool the engine. 

Air Cooling System Advantages

  • It has low manufacturing prices.
  • It doesn’t require high maintenance.
  • This doesn’t contain liquid coolant, so there will be no problem like leakage and freezing.
  • The engine has light in weight because it has no cooling pipe radiator, fan pump, and liquid cooling jacket.
  • Installation, assembling, disassembling of the engine is easy and simple.

Air Cooling System Disadvantages

  • The cooling of the engine is non-uniformly.
  • In comparison to the water cooling system, it is less efficient.
  • This generates aerodynamic noises.
  • It can only be used for short-sized engines, because of its small capacity for heat wastage.

Water Cooling System

In the water cooling system, water is circulated via the water jacket around each valve seats, valve stems and combustion chamber. The water-cooled engine block and cylinder head have reciprocating cooling channels. All channels at the top of the cylinder head converted to a single outlet.

This removes excessive heat generated in the engine and protects it from overheating and keeps the engine at working temperature for efficient and economical work.

The water continuously moves by a centrifugal water pump which is operated by V-belt from the pulley on the engine crankshaft. It drives hot coolant from the engine to the radiator, a form of the heat exchanger. After passing from the radiator, water is poured into the drain and the water is pumped through the cylinder inlet route.

Parts in Water Cooling System

  1. Water Pump
  2. Radiator
  3. Fan 
  4. Antifreeze Mixture
  5. Thermostat Valve
  6. Water Jackets

Types of Cooling System

  1. Thermosyphon Cooling System
  2. Impeller Circulation Cooling System
  3. Pump Circulation Cooling System
  4. Pressurized Cooling System 

Thermosyphon Cooling System

This system works on the principle that the hot water has lower density and rises up, and cold water is being heavier that goes down.

In these types of systems, the radiator kept at the upper level than the engine for easy flow of water towards the engine. This is how hot water in the water jacket rises and goes over the radiator, from where it passes and cools, and is collected in the bottom tank. In these systems, the rate of supply is too low.

Impeller Circulation Cooling System

This is an updated version of the thermosyphon cooling system. The main motive of the impeller cooling system is to provide the right regulation, capable of the maximum engine cooling pump efficiency. And it is all the same except that it has a small impeller unit powered by the engine to increase the circulation rate of water.

Pump Circulation Cooling System

This system has the same construction as the thermosyphon cooling system except that it uses a centrifugal pump for circulating water in a water jacket and radiator.

It is a modern system of water cooling in which water is circulated effectively by cylinder block to the radiator and back via a centrifugal pump driven by the engine V-belt.

Pressurized Cooling System

This is an updated version of the pump circulation cooling system. In this, you will get the special radiator cap with a spring-loaded pressure valve and a vacuum valve. This cap becomes gas-tight when the engine gets heat, water vapor is formed and is not allowed outside by the cap. 

Therefore a boiling point of water is raised in the system. So that the working temperature of the engine also increases, higher temperature gives better thermal efficiency.

As the coolant temperature increases, the setpoint of variable pressure relief valve also increases and the system relief pressure automatically varies with the coolant temperature over a range of pressures whose upper limit is enough greater than the set point of the relief valve in the pressure cap so that the maximum system operating pressure is still finite by the pressure cap.

Water Cooling System Advantages

  • The water-cooling system is efficient as compared to the air-cooling system.
  • Cylinder, cylinder head, and valve’s uniforming cooling, it is different from the air cooling system.
  • Water-cooled engines have lower fuel consumption than air-cooled engines.
  • Water-cooled engines do not require a more frontal area.
  • If we install a water cooling system, there is no need for an engine on the front end of the moving vehicle.
  • The cooling system can be easily stationed anywhere on the vehicle. In some vehicles, it is at the rear, while in air-cooled engines, this is not possible.
  • The engine is less noisy than an air-cooled engine, as it has water for soaking noise.

Water Cooling System Disadvantages

  • The water cooling system needs pure water to work properly.
  • It totally depends on the supply of water.
  • The water pump which supplies the water absorbs a lot of energy.
  • In the case of cooling system failure, the engine may suffer severe damage.
  • Water coolant system requires regular maintenance, its parts require more maintenance.
  • The Water cooling system is expensive because it has many parts.
  • The cost of the water cooling system is quite high.
  • The water cooling engine is heavy because it contains lots of water inside and it also has large numbers of parts.

Five Fastest Superbikes in the World

These are the top five Super Fast Superbike in the world. If you are a bike lover you will be happy to know about the super-fast superbikes. These bikes are known for their performance and high speed.

Dodge Tomahawk

It is worth mentioning that bikes, like supercars, continue to exchange their positions for top speed and acceleration. The Tomahawk was introduced in 2003 by Dodge at North American International Auto Show. It is a Viper V-10 based motorcycle, with a 500 horsepower 8.3L V-10 engine that has four wheels. 

When it was originally revealed in Detroit, the Dodge Tomahawk was nothing more than a wet dream of a speed junk. But now it is one of the world’s superfast bikes, which has the highest price at $550,000. The Dodge Tomahawk can reach up to 60 miles per hour speed in just 2.5 seconds. Each pair of wheels were separated by a few centimeters and each wheel had its own separate single suspension which was required to handle the power.


Length: 102” •  Width: 27.7” • Height: 36.9”

Wheelbase: 76”

Seat Height: 29”

Weight: 1,500 lb • Weight Dist: 49F/51R

Track: Front: 8.75” • Rear: 10”

Fuel: 3.25 gal

Kawasaki Ninja H2R

Kawasaki Ninja H2 was introduced by Kawasaki Motorcycles and Engine Company in 2015 in Japan. It is a supercharged super support class motorcycle in the Ninja Bike series. The development of the Ninja H2R motorcycle is beyond the limits of any other Kawasaki motorcycle. This superbike price in the Indian market is ₹75.8 Lakh (7.5 Million) INR.

Displacement: 998cc

Number of Cylinders: 4

Power: 310-322 HP @14000rpm

Torque: 156 Nm @12500 rpm

Fuel tank capacity: 17L


Length: 82.1” •  Width: 33.5” • Height: 32.5”

Wheelbase: 57.1”

Seat Height: 32.7”

Weight: 215.9kg 

Track: Front: 8.75” • Rear: 9.84”

Fuel: 3.75 gal

MTT Y2K Turbine Superbike

Y2K Superbike is manufactured by Marine Turbine Technologies. This bike is powered by a turboshaft engine since 2000. MTT Y2K used a Rolls-Royce Allison 250-C18 gas turbine, which was used by helicopter. Bikes are not mass-produced in continuous series; Each specific bike is handmade to order after obtaining the buyer’s specifications.

The new MTT Y2k Turbine Superbike is actually a race-ready superbike and comes with a design that matches and even shakes some of the most popular performance bikes around the world.

Guinness World Record considers that the MTT Y2K  is the fastest and most expensive production motorcycle. MTT Y2K came to India in 2013 during India Bike Week which was held in Goa. The cost of the MTT Y2K Turbine Superbike is $200,000 USD.

Engine: Rolls-Royce 250-C18 Turboshaft 

Power: 350 HP 

Torque : 500 ft/lbs

Fuel tank capacity: 34L


Length: 96.45” 

Wheelbase: 68”

Seat Height: 33”

Weight: 200kg 

Engine Weight: 62kg

Honda CBR1100XX

The Honda CBR1100XX is also known as Super Blackbird. The Blackbird, named after the Lockheed SR-71 (the United States Air Force fighter jet plane), is also a speed record holder. This bike was made to challenge, Kawasaki Ninja ZX-11 as the world’s fastest manufactured motorcycle. 

The engine is pushed forward to push the center of gravity downward which improves the balance of the bike. To minimize the composite block, the cylinder block was designed with as little additional material as possible to keep it as light as possible. Even the valve angles were submerged to keep the combustion chamber fully compact.

The bike has a knock-on detonation sensor fitted to each cylinder that continuously monitors combustion efficiency and optimizes ignition timing. To ensure that the engine is at excellent performance every second. The Super-Blackbird’s engine is so smooth that Honda took it straight to the frame without the use of a rubber mount, which also increased overall rigidity while allowing the frame to be made lighter.

Displacement: 1,137cc

Power: 164HP @ 9450rpm

Torque : 109.7 Nm @ 7500 rpm

Fuel tank capacity: 23.0 L

Max Speed: 303 kmph

Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR17

Rear Tyre: 180/55 ZR17


Length: 85.0” •  Width: 28.4” • Height: 46.1”

Wheelbase: 58.6”

Seat Height: 331.9”

Weight: 254kg 

Fuel: 4.9 gal

Suzuki Hayabusa

Hayabusa is another name for fantastic enthusiasts worldwide. Suzuki Hayabusa is a sports motorbike that was manufactured by Suzuki Motor Company in 1999. The ‘Busa’, as it is famous in the motorcycle world, kicked-off the big bike trend in India. It was the fastest manufactured motorcycle at the time and continues with today’s accelerated youth guns.

The Hayabusa Instrument Cluster options a group of four spherical analog gauges that show tachometers, speedometers, fuel meters, and coolant temperatures. It additionally gets a spherical LCD display (digital display) that shows the gear position indicator, clock, odometer, trip meter, and S-DMS map indicator.

Suzuki has launched the 2019 version of the iconic Hayabusa in two new colors grey and black with a pair of side reflectors to meet Indian safety standards. The price of the bike is  ₹13.74 Lakh INR. 

Displacement: 1340cc

Number of Cylinders: 4

Power: 197bhp @ 9500rpm

Torque : 155 Nm @ 7200 rpm

Fuel tank capacity: 21 L

Front Tyre: 120/70ZR17M/C

Rear Tyre: 190/50ZR17M/C 


Length: 86.2” •  Width: 28.9” • Height: 45.8”

Wheelbase: 58.2”

Seat Height: 31.6”

Weight: 266kg 

Fuel: 5.5 L

flying car

Flying Cars: The Future is Near

We are living in the 21st century and in this century we are seeing daily technologies are upgrading and the latest technologies are coming in the market. We have found many planets and a few months before on 10 April 2019 our scientists found black hole images which were not easy. We hope that day is not so far when we can make our home on the moon.

We have found many planets and a few months before on 10 April 2019 our scientists found black hole images which were not easy. We hope that day is not so far when we can make our home on the moon.

This is not about astronomy, it’s all about the technology and how we are progressing day by day. As from the title you already understood we will discuss on the topic of flying cars here, which is also a part of the latest technologies.

The inventor of Flying Car

A flying car is a type of personal aerial vehicle that provides door-to-door transport by road and air both. The first flying car was already built in the 1970s. But it was a really big disaster. Many prototypes have been made since the first years of the twentieth century, but the result status has not yet been arrived. The flying car has captured the imaginations of the designers.

Henry Smolinski was a Northrop-trained engineer who quit his job to begin Advanced Vehicle Engineers, an organization targeted on transfer flying cars to market. Henry Smolinski was the inventor of the first flying car and he died in it. Since last year, scientists have been trying to correct an actual flying car – which is the best. An incomplete car has caused a lot of trouble in the past.

This is Era of Flying Cars

This is the era where companies are doing experiments on experiments and doing competitions to make their own flying car to beat other companies.

There are a lot of companies working on flying cars and Toyota intends to use its SkyDrive machine at the opening ceremony of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. Aska, a dual-purpose vehicle designed each to drive on roads and to fly through the air, therefore you’ll be able to lift yourself over the snarl-up. Aska will be the size of a large SUV when on the road and fits three passengers. Drone flying and navigation technology joint with the increasing urban crowd has begun to change people’s assumptions of what is possible.

These car doesn’t need a runway like airplanes. Fans that are enclosed within the wings and piercing the body of the vehicle themselves will make the aircraft stand upright.  After takeoff, rear-facing fans will push it ahead so that the wings produce lift and the car can fly longer distances more efficiently than a more drone-like design. The car can fly longer distances more efficiently than more drones.

Its electric motors are powered by batteries that can be recharged with a conventional fuel motor to increase range.

Advantages of the Flying Car

There are some advantages to flying cars.

  • If flying cars will successfully so the huge advantage will for the road drivers because it can reduce lots of traffic.
  • The public can easily travel in a short time that means time management will be easy for us.
  • The comprehensive majority of flying cars in development are designed to be electric, running on the latest battery technology. The use of batteries will reduce the use of petrol and diesel which is good for the environment.
  • The flying automotive needs the person at the controls to be each a certified road driver and pilot. So, wider adoption would force computer systems to re-skill piloting.
  • The flying car should be capable of safe, reliable and environmentally friendly operation on public roads and air.

Disadvantages of the Flying Car

Flying cars are really good but they have disadvantages also.

  • To fly a car in the air it should not be weighty. In a car, not more than two or three people can ride at the same time.
  • You have to pay more money for the ride than other public transports because it requires more good maintenance.
  • As we told you to operate a flying car a person should good driver and certified pilot. So anyone could not get the license easily.
  • For the flying vehicle, we also need Air Traffic Police.
  • Flying cars may be good for humans to save time and travel easily. But these cars will affect the small birds. Like Sparrow and Pigeons who can not fly high can die after collision with the cars or these species can become extinct.
  • Due to the collision with birds, it also can cause dangerous accidents for us too.
petrol engine

Difference Between Petrol and Diesel Engine

Do you know diesel and petrol are different fuels? Everybody knows. These fuels came out after the filtration of Crude oil. But we would not discuss the fuels here. Here we will tell you why diesel and petrol use in different engines. Petrol and diesel engines are classified on the basis of the respective fuels used by these engines. The engine which uses petrol to run is called a petrol engine while the one using diesel to run is called diesel engine.

So we like to discuss the diesel and petrol engine here and the differences between them.

Diesel and Petrol Engine

Diesel engine, any ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) in which the air is compressed to a high enough temperature to ignite the diesel oil injected into the cylinder, where expansion and combustion energize a piston.

A Petrol engine is an Internal Combustion Engine in which the spark ignition is fitted. In this engine fuel and air are usually mixed after compression. The former mixture was formerly used in a carburetor, but now it is done by electronically controlled fuel injection.

Diesel and petrol engines are the main engines in the automobile industry nowadays, and both are internal combustion engines. The diesel engine uses a compression ignition technology to ignite the fuel. In a diesel engine, fuel is injected into the compression chamber under high pressure and it compresses into the compression chamber.

While in a petrol engine, air and petrol are mixed in the carburetor and it enters the cylinder. In diesel engines and petrol engines, different technology uses which is called spark ignition technology. It has a spark plug, and after each compression stroke, there will be spark ignition. A diesel engine takes less fuel than the petrol engine. Diesel is more dangerous from the standpoint of solid particles thrown out from diesel engines suspended in the air. It causes some respiratory issues because it has a tendency to accumulate in our lungs. The smoothness of the petrol engine is a strong advantage, favored by people.

Diesel Engine v/s Petrol Engine

  • The petrol engine works on the Otto cycle while the diesel engine works on the diesel cycle.
  • Diesel is used as fuel in this engine which is a non-volatile fuel, wherein petrol engine the fuel is highly volatile (volatile mean; the liquid solution which vaporized automatically when it contact with the air).
  • The petrol engine is fitted with a spark plug while the diesel engine is fitted with a fuel injector.
  • Petrol engines are commonly used in lightweight vehicles such as cars, motorcycles, scooters, etc. Diesel engines are used in heavy vehicles such as buses, trucks, etc.
  • Petrol engines need repeatedly overhauling, wherein the diesel engine overhauling occurs after a very long time.
  • The petrol engine maintenance cost is lower than the diesel engine.
  • In the diesel engine more power is produced due to a high compression ratio (15 to 25) wherein the petrol engine has a lower compression ratio ( 6 to 10) so it produces less power than the diesel engine.
  • The thermal efficiency in a diesel engine is 40% and in a petrol engine, it is 26%.
  • In the petrol engine, the compression is about 10 bar and in diesel engines, the compression is about 35 bar.
  • In a diesel engine, the ignition is caused by the heat generated during the compression stroke by a high compression ratio. Hence it is called compression ignition (CI) engine. In a petrol engine, the spark plug is generated by the spark plug into the chamber plug so the ignition is caused by a spark from an external source, hence it is called a spark ignition (SI) engine.
  • Due to the high compression ratio, the diesel engine has large vibration so it produces a loud noise. Due to the low compression ratio, the petrol engine has low vibrations so it produces low noise.
  • Diesel engines fuel efficiency is better than the petrol engine.
  • Diesel engines turbocharged more easily. 
  • Diesel engines torque is high where the petrol engine torque is lower than the diesel engines.
  • Diesel engines are also low-speed engines due to heavyweight and due to heterogeneous combustion. Petrol engines are also high-speed engines due to lightweight and homogeneous combustion.

Cleaning Tips for Car Engine

Today we will love to discuss how to keep clean your car engine. Because the engine is one of the most important parts of the vehicle which helps your car or vehicle to move from one place to another place. The engine is also known as the heart of the car. Because without this the vehicle cannot move a single centimeter too. So it is necessary to clean your engine with the exterior and interior of the car.

How to Clean a Car Engine

A clean engine bay can make it straightforward to conduct repairs or upkeep. If it’s been a long time since your engine has been cleaned, it may take some time to allow it to soak through the grime, and a bit of elbow oil to accumulate oil deposits. It is good to clean your engine and engine bay before cleaning and washing your car. Therefore you can ensure that you can wash and rinse off any decomposition that reaches the painted components.

Ideally, choose a hot day. Warm weather, especially low humidity with some air, will help in drying the engine and components after cleaning. If the car was running, flip the hood and allow the engine to cool for at least half an hour. Hot engine components can not only burn you, but they can be damaged by rapid contractions if sprayed with cold water.

Ready the Engine for Cleaning

Try and remove any debris stuck in from the grill, hood or vent opening. This debris can become an issue and even if left to sit on the engine or electrical system for a long time, a fire can occur. You can clean this by using an air compressor (air compressor can make easy your work) or with the hand brush. It is common to collect pine needles and leaves under the windshield and then fall into the engine bay.

Secure car’s electrical system

It is time to prevent the engine from getting wet. Such components are required to properly cover various components of the car’s electrical system, including batteries, to prevent any major damage by water. 

Cover sensor, expiring wiring, distributor and spark plug opening. The plastic bag works well for this job and requires only a small tape or rubber band to attach it. You are not looking to make the engine waterproof, you just want to prevent these items from soaking with water.

Remove the Connectors from Battery

Spraying water directly into your engine bay can cause AC, fuses blowing, or other damage to some electrical components. Prevent the battery by loosening the bolt on the negative terminal and sliding the terminal’s ground cable. You can choose to disconnect the positive terminal to remove and clean the battery outside the engine bay.

If you leave the battery in the vehicle, tuck the ground cable sideways to prevent it from coming into contact with the terminal. If you allow the battery within the vehicle, tuck the bottom cable to the aspect to forestall it from returning into contact with the terminal.

Degrease the Engine

There are many brands of engines you can choose from, but most of them operate in the same way. Spray the entire engine compartment with a degreaser. Any household degreaser will work, whether it is a kitchen cleaner or an engine degreaser. Spray the degreaser on the engine from top to bottom, as this will make sure total coverage.

Degreaser of the engine can remove the clear coat of the paint, so do not overspray when covering the engine. Degreaser can remove glare from automotive paint. Rinse down the degreaser from the painted surfaces as soon as possible.

Let the degreaser to soak in for five minutes

If your car engine is clean, allow the degreaser to soak for about five minutes. Very dirty engines require eight to ten minutes for the degreaser to loosen everything. The longer it sits down, the better it will work. After five minutes or so the engine will start dripping.

Scrub the engine

Depending on however dirty your engine is, you will not scrub. With the engine still soaking, use a tough bristle or steel toothbrush to scrape off any giant amounts of oil, burnt oil or lime. Add a lot of degreasers if needed.

Wear eye protection when scrubbing the engine to avoid degrading your eyes. Wear gloves to prevent prolonged contact with deterioration on your skin. You only need to scrub the engine if it has grimly trapped massive deposits. 

Rinse engine

If you have a power washer, you can use it on a light setting, but a standard hose will also work. Do not use a high-pressure hose to rinse the engine, as it may cut wires or penetrate the plastic you use to cover electronics. Rub the entire compartment, washing all degreaser, working from back to front. Try not to spray electrical components directly, and try to prevent spraying a lot of water in areas that cannot dry out easily. 

If you rinse the engine completely and it still looks dirty, apply to degrease again and let it sit for a few more minutes.

Let Dry it

If you have compressed air available, you can blast air into the nooks and cranes to drain excess water. If not, with a towel or rag you can wipe everything. It will not release water completely, although it will facilitate taking away remaining grime.

Wash Car

Once you’ve got rinsed the engine off, you ought to begin laundry your automotive in real-time. this may make sure you clean any engine degreaser off of painted parts before it’s the prospect to try to any important injury.

Be sure to use a separate bucket, sponge, rags, and towels on the body of the car. Wax any area of ​​the car that has been exposed to the degreaser. 

Cleaning specific engine components

Remove the cable on the battery and use a wire brush to clean the terminals, until they are clean exposed metal. Soaking the ends of battery cables in an associate degree anti-corrosion chemical, such as CLR, can also guarantee a powerful electrical association. 

If the battery has corrosion caused by leaky battery acid, you’ll be able to neutralize it as you clean by employing a combination of sodium hydrogen carbonate and water. Pour a touch of the sodium hydrogen carbonate into a bucket of water and blend it completely. Dip your brush within the mixture and use that to wash the battery terminals and the other areas acid might have leaked. Baking soda makes an effective cleaning solution as well as a neutralizer for battery acid.

Plastic elements of your engine, like engine covers and reservoir caps, are also tough to wash clean. Begin by employing a stiff toothed, plastic setose brush together with automotive wash soap or degreaser. Once the exhausting to get rid of grime has been removed, use a sponge with automotive wash soap to urge the last of the grime off before removal of the items with water. Avoid using a steel-toothed brush on plastic as it may scratch.

To Spot a Clean Crim Deposit Use Brake Cleaner

Brake cleaner breaks up grime and evaporates quickly. Insert the straw into the nozzle of the brake cleaner and direct it at laborious to scrub spots or areas wherever the grime is especially thick. Use a tough toothed brush to wash the grime away, then spray it once more with brake cleaner to rinse it. 

Be careful using brake cleaners in enclosed areas as fumes can be dangerous. The brake cleaner is extremely flammable, so do not use it when smoking or near flames.

Follow these easy steps to clean your engine. Regular cleaning of the engine will prevent you from major damages and expenses.


The Biggest Contribution Of Karl-Benz

Mercedes is one of the luxury car models. The specialization of Mercedes is its power-packed performance and its classic style. This is one of the dream cars that every person would want to park in front of their home because it is a luxury car with a powerful engine and also very valuable too. 

The Mercedes car was owned by Karl Benz (Carl in french). He was the German engineer and businessman who designed the world’s first internal combustion engine automobile. Karl was born on the 25th of November 1844 in Muhlburg, Karlsruhe, Germany in a poor family. His full name was Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant.

His father Mr. Johann George Benz was passed away when Karl was only two years old. He passed away in a railway accident. After the father’s death, the whole burden of the house and Karl’s care was on his mother Mrs. Josephine Vaillant’s shoulders. She tried to provide him the best education.

Education of Karl Benz

Karl studied at the local grammar school in Karlsruhe and was an eccentric student. In 1853, at the age of nine, he started in a scientifically oriented Lyceum. Then he enrolled in poly-technical university and studied under the Ferdinand Redtenbacher.

Karl originally focused his studies on locksmithing but eventually followed his father’s footsteps toward locomotive engineering. At the age of fifteen in 1860 he took the admission in the University of Karlsruhe after passing the entrance exam. At the age of 19, he was graduated from the university on 9 July 1864. 

Karl Benz Dream

Karl was fond of riding his bicycle, and he dreamed of making a fully mechanized automobile, or “horseless carriage”. He worked in a number of engineering jobs but found none that satisfied him. He took seven years of professional training in several companies. Training began at Karlsruhe with two years of various jobs at a mechanical engineering company. Later he shifted toward Mannheim to work as a draftsman and designer in a scales factory and in 1868 he went to Pforzheim to work for a bridge construction company. 

Karl’s Discoveries and works

In 1871 in Mannheim, he founded an Iron Foundry and Sheet Metal Workshop with his partner August Ritter. Business went into trouble. The first year of the venture was a complete disaster. Ritter became unreliable and the local authorities seized the business. Then he bought Ritter’s share in the company using a dowry provided by his fiancée, Bertha Ringer’s father.

Karl and Bertha were married on 20 July 1872 and had five children: Eugen, Richard, Clara, Thilde and Ellen

Despite such commercial misfortune, Carl Benz led the development of new engines. Karl began to develop various parts of the vehicle that he had imagined. including ignition, spark plugs, gear, carburetor, water radiator, and clutch. He focused all his efforts on creating a reliable gasoline two-stroke engine. On December 31, 1878, Karl abolished its two-stroke engine on New Year’s Eve, and in 1879 a patent was provided for it.

His invention was amazing but the problem shows its usefulness to the world. This type of thing was never there before and people saw no use for it, nor did they find it practical. This situation was dealt with tactfully by Bertha; In 1888, he threw the car into his mother’s house in Pforzheim. Traveling a 106 kilometers distance.

It was done without her husband’s information and she only informed her safe arrival through telegram when she reached. This was the first long-distance journey that was ever tried and changed public opinion about the safety and practicality of the means of transportation. An antique car race is now taken every two years along the stretch of road that she traveled to commemorate the drive undertaken there by Bertha.

Karl Benz’s Business expansion of company (Benz and Cia)

The Karl set to improve the car’s features, connecting brake lining and additional gear for driving on the slope. Sales began, and their cars received tremendous publicity and appreciation at the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris. Demand increased and accordingly the production facilities were expanded. The number of employees increased from 50 to 430 in 1899.

Due to its size, in 1899, Benz & Cie became a joint-stock company with the arrival of Frederick Von Fischer who were boarded as members of the management board. New directors recommended that Karl should make less expensive automobiles for mass production. In 1893, Karl Benz made Victoria a two-passenger automobile with a 3-hp engine, which can reach a top speed of 11 mph and a pivot front axle powered by a roller-chained tiller for steering.

Karl and Bertha started a series of companies at the beginning of 1900 and maintained their position as major automobile producers in Europe. By 1904, Benz and Cie had sales of 3,480 automobiles and the company was the leading manufacturer of automobiles. By the 1920s, however, there was intense competition between Benz and Daimler- the Mercedes engine manufacturers. The cost of production was rising due to inflation and sales were increasing for both companies. 

In 1924, the two companies signed a “Mutual Interest of Agreement”, which led to joint production, marketing, purchasing, and advertising efforts, but each company still retained its own brand name. Finally, in 1926, the two companies merged with Daimler-Benz and started producing Mercedes-Benz cars, as we know them today.

Benz’s sons, Eugen and Richard, left Benz & Cie in 1903. But Richard returned to the company in 1904 as a designer of passenger vehicles.

Karl Benz became a board member of the newly established company and remained for the remainder of his life. 

Karl & Bertha Benz Death

The merger proved beneficial. In 1927, the number of units was tripled to 7,918 and diesel line was started for truck production. In 1928 Mercedes Benz SS was entered.

At the age of 84 on April 4, 1929, Karl Benz died from Bronchial Inflammation in his lungs at home in Ladenburg. At the age of 95 until her death on 5 May 1944, Bertha Benz lived in her last home. Other family members lived in the house for thirty more years. Benz Homes is now designated as Historic and is used as a scientific meeting facility for a non-profit foundation.


Prepare your Car for Winter Driving

Winter weather can be harmful to cars, which is why when the harshest conditions come, it is important drivers prepare in advance. Ed Gliss, a driver and technical knowledgeable for Michelin, same the most effective time for automotive owners to start getting ready vehicles for weather condition is within the weeks leading up to Thanksgiving.

“The temperature is dropping; you are starting to stay in the frost overnight. This is a good reminder to winterize your vehicle, ”he said.

There are many things that you can do now to ensure that your car operates successfully throughout the winter months as well as the ability of your car to keep you and your family safe as winter weather is a problem. There are some ways to ensure that your car is ready to withstand the cold weather for a safe driving experience.

Monitor the Engine Coolant and Antifreeze Levels

Antifreeze is a magical substance that protects your vehicle’s engine from solidifying during those times of the year when you feel you are freezing. Coolant systems that are not in the correct proportions will cause overheating due to freezing. Without it, your engine may stagnate. 

The engine coolant should contain a 50/50 mixture of water and antifreeze. People make the mistake of adding up with water during the year, so the antifreeze becomes very thin and freezing in very cold weather. As it gets thinner over time you need to top it off with an antifreeze.

Inspect the pressure of your tires

Good tires are the key to staying safe on the road when the weather is suspicious and snow and ice are falling from the sky. Warm air rises in your tires. The bottom of the tire goes “flat” as it gets colder. Once you start to drive it resolves on its own and the air will start to circulate again. You can check your part to ensure that your tires are in good shape with just a few simple steps.

Check your tire pressure with a straightforward gauge sold at any automobile provide store. Follow your manual’s recommendations for force per unit area, and if your tires want air, fill them up at the gasoline station. We recommend a minimum of 3 mm depth during winter, compared to the legal minimum of 1.6 mm, as it gives a better grip.

Shelter your Car

If you have a garage, use it to cover your car. If you do not have shelter for your car, purchase a car cover from the market. An automotive cover won’t defend you from freeze fluids only, however it’ll keep snow and ice faraway from the windscreen and your paint, and can facilitate defend your automotive from salts that may be used on the roads in your community.

Change wiper fluid in winter

Simple liquids that you use in the spring, summer, and fall often go from useless to worse in winter. As it freezes quickly upon contact with its windshield. When winter comes, replace your fluid for “winter” fluid. Winter fluid is meant for the trials of winter weather and won’t freeze on your screen. In fact, it truly helps loosen ice and snow from your screen, creating it abundant easier to stay things clear.

Clean your Vehicle Windscreen

Thoroughly clean your windscreen inside and out and top up your screen washer fluid with antifreeze. Run your finger down with the wiper blade to check for nipples and tears. Check for any chips in the windscreen, as they can grow in cold weather. Also, touch any chips in the bodywork as salt deposits on the road will attack them. Check the windshield wipers and replace them if they malfunction or harden.

Check Heating System

Confirm that your heating system works correctly and the core does not leak, the blower works and the window defroster is working.

Inspect your Lights

It is important to fully work the headlights and brake lights when dealing with thick winter fog or heavy snow. This helps your own visibility while driving, but also ensures that other drivers are able to see you.

Inspect the Battery System

Check the electrical system of the car, especially the battery and charging system. Cold weather places unusual demands on charging systems.

According to Michelin, Battery capacity reduces significantly in cold weather, so it is important to check the mechanic to make sure it is at peak performance.

It is very important to have a battery that performs well in those cooler temperatures. It is only hard on cells and it robs their battery capacity, ”said Gliss.

Out of the cold, parking, a car in the garage is another way to protect the battery.

Also, in case of unexpected delays keep at least one-quarter of the fuel tank and check for oil. Brakes are fast and responsive to ensure their brake pads, brake discs and brake fluid are to be checked. Ensure that the fan belt and alternator drive belt are tight and not corroded and that the plug and other leads are in good condition and are protected. 

If you do not feel confident making these checks, then any garage should be able to help you.


How to test PCV Valve and Damaged Valve Symptoms

Carmakers tell that you should change and clean the PCV valve after driving every twenty thousand to fifty thousand miles. But do you know what is PCV? Are you answered in NO? Do not worry we will tell you.

When your automotive engine is running, associate degree air-fuel mixture enters in every cylinder. Many powerful explosions manifest itself to unleash the fuel’s energy, manufacturing extremely poisonous and harmful gases. When every combustion method, the valve routes these gases into the exhaust wherever the convertor turns them into a lot of less poisonous fumes before emotional them into the atmosphere.

Still, the tiny low amount of the gas within the combustion chambers finds its manner into the housing (engine block) by manner of pressure run between the piston rings and the cylinder wall.

Left on their own, these vapors and fumes can play disturbance together with your engine. Blow-by gases contain hydrocarbons (unburned fuel), carbon monoxide (partially burned fuel), particulates, water, sulfur, and acid. Together, these substances can corrode any engine metal element they bit, dilute the engine oil, build up to harmful sludge that accelerates components wear and plug little passages and hoses.

The PCV (positive crankcase ventilation) valve is a one-way valve that burns back the crankcase gases that are placed in the engine to ignite. Plugged PCV valves can result in poorer to poor mileage.

Where is the PCV  fixed?

If you have an older engine without a turbo, check at the top of the edge of the valve cover. The valves are often fitted directly with the valve cover on these cars. However, as you already know, the PCV valve is fitted somewhere between the intake and the valve cover. So if you can’t find it on the valve cover, check if you can see any Hodge that is going from the valve cover to the intakes.

How to Inspect PCV Valve

To begin investigation the PCV system in your vehicle, first find out the PCV valve and its related components.

Open the cap of oil when the engine is running. Let your engine run on idle and set off the oil cap. If you’re feeling that the oil cap is sucked to the engine, therefore, it’s tough to get rid of it, you have got an excessive amount of vacuum within the housing that is possibly caused by a faulty PCV valve.

If you take away the oil cap and you’re feeling that the cap is sort of exploding off from the engine, you have got too high and usually, this can be often caused by the PCV valve. But this may even be caused by different issues like worn piston rings, however, it’s a great deal cheaper to visualize the PCV valve.

Spray flammable spray around the PCV Valve. You can spray an inflammable spray round the intake whereas the engine is running to seek out any leaks around the PCV valve or the hoses. If the engine is revving up after spraying around it, you certainly have a leak somewhere on the brink of wherever you applied the spray.

In this case, take away the valve and therefore the hoses and check if you’ll find the leak, detain mind that this is often a fairly dangerous methodology which might cause fires. continually roll in the hay with care and have a hearth fire extinguisher on the brink of you.

Check for defective hoses. Sometimes, when the hoses go bad, the hoses can collapse, blocking the hoses and causing increased oil consumption and increased pressure inside the crankcase. The best way to check this is to have the engine turned on, as the problem may not occur when the engine is off.

Check humidity in hoses. If you’ve got an excessive amount of pressure within the engine that is leading to the engine is unseaworthy oil or smoking blue from the piping, it’s time to examine for any wet build-up within the PCV valve or within the hoses. If you discover any, clean it up and work the elements to your automotive once more and take a look at to envision if it solves the matter. If the matter still insists it’s most likely time to switch the PCV valve.

Symptoms of Faulty PCV Valve.

The positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve serves to remove gas from the engine crankcase. The PCV valve directs these gases back into the combustion chambers through the intake. 

A malfunctioning PCV valve will affect the performance of your vehicle, so there are some signs to watch out for before the valve fails completely:

Increased oil consumption and oil spills. Bad PCV valves may leak, causing excessive consumption of oil. In addition, you may notice oil leaking through the seal and dripping onto the floor of your garage. If the PCV valve or the hose protruding from it is blocked by moisture, you will get a very high pressure inside the engine crankcase, which will push the pressure into the cylinder and out of the gasket. If you suddenly find several major oil leaks and increased oil consumption on your car, check the PCV valves and hoses to make sure they are not blocked.

Faulty filters. A filter called a breather element may become defective with hydrocarbons and oil after the PCV valve fails. This is because of the increased pressure buildup in the crankcase, which pushes water vapor through the breather element. 

The water gets mixed with the gas, which causes the buildup and might increase fuel consumption in your vehicle. A method to visualize this half is to physically examine the filter for buildup, in a different way is to live the mileage on your vehicle. If it starts to travel down apparently while not reason, the PCV valve could also be unhealthy.

Poor working function. The malfunctioning PCV valve cannot close all the way, so oxygen can reach the combustion chamber. When this happens, the mixture of fuel and air is diluted, causing your vehicle to deteriorate and bend out. If you notice that your vehicle is leaking oil, consuming a large amount of oil, you have a contaminated filter, or the car is not working so in this case a PCV valve should be seen and replaced.

This will keep your vehicle running smoothly and maintaining your fuel economy where it should be.

Cloud of smokes from the exhaust. If the PCV valve or the hoses area unit blocked the housing can push up oil into the combustion chambers, which can cause oil to burn within the engine and leave through the pipe. this can cause loads of blue smoke from the pipe.

If the PCV valve faulty and inflicting an expensive or lean mixture to the engine, you’ll be able to get symptoms like white or black smoke starting from the pipe looking on what style of mixture drawback the engine has. A brief conclusion is: If you see any strange smoke from the pipe, ensure that the PCV valve is in fine condition.

If you encounter a strange problem with idle or increased oil consumption, then it’s time to check your PCV valve. PCV valves are often located on crankcase covers on older vehicles. Valves are often very inexpensive but replacement may take some time. Clean it yourself by immersing it in a carburetor cleaner. There should be no gum deposits or discoloration on a clean valve. If your PCV valve must be replaced, buy a new valve, remove the old one and replace the new one.


Tips to Prevent Your Car from Fire Accidents

Car fire accident becomes the major problem and headache for the police and the government nowadays. Many people died in these accidents. According to the report of the US Fire Administration, almost one in eight fires were responded to by the fire department throughout the nation is a highway vehicle fire.

Thirty-eight percent of Highway vehicles were the leading cause of the fire. Eighty-three percent of highway vehicles in passenger vehicles caught fire. And forty-five percent was due to the mechanical failure of the car. 

Life is priceless and precious. Thousands of people have lost their lives in the last few decades due to car accident deaths. In this section, we will analyze the risk of a vehicle fire and give advice on how to work in these emergencies.

Causes of fire accidents

Knowing that those factors can potentially help a car owner avoid a dangerous situation

Bad Maintenance of the vehicle. If you are sluggish about maintenance, your car is normally going to be a lot more dangerous, and the car is more likely to catch fire as part of the greater risk you are taking. Forgetting or neglecting to take proper care of your car can indirectly cause a terrible fire. 

That’s as a result of if you let broken elements, leaky seals, or faulty wiring go while not repairs, it will make your automotive heaps a lot of hospitable to the conditions that cause a fireplace. An associate engine with a foul seal is a lot of doubtless to drip risky (and flammable) fluids.

Smoking Cigarettes and Cigar inside the car. Smoking is not only harmful to your health but is one of the causes of car fires. The ashes from a burning cigarette can burn the furnishings of your vehicle causing a fire in the car. Push-type car cigarette lighters can also cause a short circuit, resulting in flames under your car. So please avoid smoking inside the car.

Combustible material storage in the vehicle. It is always recommended by the police do not store combustible material in your vehicle. Things like a pressurized deodorant bottle or a pressurized air-freshener can get really warm and blast inside the vehicle when it fires in the sun.

Overheating of the Catalytic Converters. One of the hottest parts of your car continuously runs the entire length of the vehicle exhaust system. Catalytic converters usually get warm over because they are working hard to burn more exhaust pollutants than they were designed from the process. Catalytic converters have to work extra hard to do their job, making it warmer than normal. This causes long-term damage not only to the converter but also to the surrounding parts of the car.

Getting Overheat of the Engines. A car engine may not be so hot that it simply gets caught in flames on its own. An engine may overheat and create internal fluids, such as oil and coolant, increasing hazardous temperatures and starting to exit their designated areas of circulation.

An overheating engine needs mechanical attention. There is often a leaky seal or gasket, or radiator is not working properly, or several other things.

Failures and Downfalls of Electrical System. Car batteries area unit problematic, and not simply the hybrid and all-electric vehicle battery pack varieties. A typical car’s customary battery is capable of inflicting many hassles. The battery’s charging cycles will cause explosive element gas to make up within the engine bay, and therefore the electrical current the battery provides (along with faulty or loose wiring) will turn out sparks that may quickly ignite a fluid drip or leaked vapors. The electrical system’s hazards are not confined to the world below the hood, either.

Fuel leakage in the vehicle. Leaks in the fuel system are the most normal reasons for car fires. Fuel leakage can happen on its own and with very little warning. A fuel system leak is indeed dangerous. At only 7.2 degrees Celsius or above, gasoline can catch fire with a simple spark. The best way to reduce the possibility of a fuel system fire is to ensure that the car is properly maintained and to keep it out of the conditions.

How to prevent your car from fire

Maintain your car by mechanic annually

Take your car to a maintenance shop each year for maintenance. A mechanic can give you the best advice about the safety of your car and any repairs you make.

Keep Sharp Eyes on Electrical System

As we told you two out of three vehicle fires are caused by electrical system failure or malfunction, so maintaining your car’s electrical system is essential to reducing your fire risk. Check your vehicle’s electrical system during your regularly scheduled maintenance, such as an oil change or when you receive your annual car inspection.

Try not to smoke inside your vehicle

If you leave a burning cigarette in your vehicle or if hot ash falls on a flammable substance such as paper, a cigarette can cause a fire.

Fix a Fire Extinguisher in your car

A fire extinguisher and fire blanket can help you protect from the fire. Buy a fire extinguisher that is made for an automobile because the cause of a car fire is often related to electrical issues or combustible fuels, which require a different type of extinguisher.

Stop to store unwanted trash

Throw the rubbish out and avoid keeping unwanted things in your automobile. Keeping this stuff in your vehicle will produce a fireplace hazard. Not solely do extra things, particularly crumpled paper, act as fuel if there’s a spark, they conjointly create it easier for you to accidentally leave an ignitable item in your automobile.

Park your area in a safe place

The mechanical parts of your car may become hot, and parts of the system may ignite dry materials that they come into contact with. Make sure you do not park around high grass or in an area where materials such as garbage can come into contact with your undercarriage or catalytic converter.

Inspect for the broken hoses

Get your hoses checked if you notice that fluids in your car are dropping unexpectedly or your air conditioner has stopped working. Glance under your hood to see if everything is in good condition and connected properly.

Change the oil cap if lost

A missing oil or fuel cap can be a hazard because both oil and fuel are flammable. Unnecessary items can come into the system because of absent caps, which may put your vehicle at risk.

Check the loosely connected wirings

Check around your engine by looking at the wires. Do not touch or displace anything. Cracked or loose wiring is a huge fire risk, so you need to fix it as soon as possible.

Some safety tips are there to help you which can prevent you and your car from catching fire. 

To protect yourself is not only a government or police responsibility most of the accident occurs due to the peoples own mistake, who don’t maintain your vehicle properly. A little mistake can put you in a huge problem. If you see any of these signs, stop driving your car and have it checked immediately.


The Untold Story Of Ferruccio Lamborghini

Have you ever listened about the Lamborghini? If yes then it is sure you also want to know about who is the creator of this luxury and expensive car. So today we will tell you about its designer. Ferruccio Lamborghini full name was Ferruccio Elio Arturo Lamborghini.

Ferruccio Lamborghini the founder of the Lamborghini car was born on 28 April 1916, in Renazzo, a little village near Bologna, Italy. He belonged to a poor family. Ferruccio Lamborghini parents were the farmer who grew grapes to make the wine but Ferruccio soon decided that he wanted to do something with mechanics. 

Education of Ferruccio

He started working on his father’s tractor Ferruccio played with a lot of agricultural equipment and invented a lot one of the inventions made by them burned the entire farm. Later that Ferruccio was then sent to a technical school so that he could accept more machinery. 

When he grew up, his parents arranged for him to go to an industrial college in Bologna. After a few years, he graduated with a degree in industrial engineering and started working in a repair workshop. 

Work and Experience

During World War II, he was recruited to the Italian Air Force in 1940  to working for transportation sections. Where he served as a mechanic in the Italian garrison on Rhodes Island, being a supervisor of the vehicle carrying unit. 

He became a prisoner of war by the British military forces after 1944. Who had kept him to work in his motoring department, in this way, Ferruccio had the experience of having cars on the road for the first time, even with limited supplies.

He married Clelia Monti, but his wife died in 1947 while she was giving birth to the child a boy named Tonio. 

Later Second World War

He returned to his hometown after the war and opened a garage in Pieve di Cento. Where he started converting old war surplus material into tractors needed for local farmers, Lamborghini tractor business was started in a small garage, but the business became really successful and soon thereafter had to move to larger campuses. 

By now Ferruccio had also started tuning Fiat cars; He actually built a Fiat Topolino for himself and entered the Mig Miglia competition in 1948. Ferruccio modified an old Fiat Topolino he had bought in his time. His involvement ended after 1,100 kilometers when he drove the car to a restaurant in the city piano of Turin. Unfortunately, the car was ruined in the accident.

Starting of the Business

The Italian manufacturer decided to form a Lamborghini company with the target of competition with the Enzo Ferrari. It all began after the Second World War when a man gets a Ferrari sports car, in which he noticed that the clutch components were what they used on their tractors. 

For such reasons, he decided to visit Enzo Ferrari to tell him about the problems he had with his car; he could not find a solution, so he decided to make a better sports car than Ferrari. The man was Ferruccio Lamborghini. To serve its purpose, Ferruccio founded the company “Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini” in May 1963 and hired former Ferrari engineers Gianpolo Dallara and Robert Wallace to design and develop their cars.

The first car manufactured in the company was the Lamborghini 350 GT, which was far better in terms of Ferruccio’s Turin faults. The year 1967 came, and Miura was praised by all the elite media, the prototype taking the brand to a higher level of success. 

His name is due to the Spanish bullfighting livestock as the founder of Lamborghini was fond of bullfighting and hence the brand’s logo. Apart from all their cars, all his car names on these animals.

His Business

During the 1970s, Ferruccio Lamborghini’s companies suffered from financial difficulties.  In 1971, the Lamborghini Trattori, which exported nearly half of its production of tractors, when the South African importer canceled all its orders. 

In 1972, he made major investments to improve the production capacity of his factory, so that a large-scale order from South America could be followed. Sometime later, Lamborghini was informed that the order had been canceled, so the Italian was forced to sell a part of his company to get some of the money spent back.

In the same year, Georges-Henry Rosetti joined the company. In 1973, Ferruccio Lamborghini sold part of the company that was still held by Rene Leimer. 

After Life

In 1974, Lamborghini left the industrial world and retired to a 3 km² (740-acre) property called “La Fiorita” on the shores of Lake Trasimeno in Castiglione del Lago, a town in the region of Umbria in central Italy. 

Later Ferruccio Lamborghini went to live in the vineyard which was bought a few years ago and enter into the agriculture work. Ferruccio delighted in hunting and making his own wines. Lamborghini also designed his golf course to manage several business interests.

At the age of 76 on 20 Feb 1993, Ferruccio passed away in Silvestrini Hospital in Perugia after getting a heart attack fifteen days ago after a heart attack.


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