Slow Cars
Automative

10 Slowest Cars in the World (2020 Top list)

After the world’s fastest and expensive car article, we have brought another article for you. About the slowest cars. After reading the article about Bugatti Chiron the fastest car, one question surely may have come to 70% of the people’s minds. If Chiron is the fastest then which is the slowest car. So in this article, we will tell you which are the slowest cars in the world.

Keeping all these things in mind, we have prepared the list of 10 slowest cars in the world. Check out the list to know more about specifications, facts & their dimension.

List of Top 10 Slowest Cars of the world

  1. Peel P50
  2. Aixam Coupe
  3. Renault Twizy
  4. MIA Electric Car
  5. Tata Nano
  6. Hindustan Ambassador
  7. Chevrolet CMV
  8. Maruti Suzuki Omni
  9. Smart Fortwo CDI
  10. Fiat Qubo Natural Power

1. Peel P50 Car

Peel P50 Car(slowest car)

Peel P50 is not only a world’s slowest car and ultra-compact car but also the smallest car in the world, only one person can sit inside it. This car was designed by Peel Engineering (headquarter in the Isle of Man)  from 1962 to 1965 and its remanufacturing was started in 2010.

It is a three-wheel car and it is so small in fact, that it gets the title of Guinness Book of World Record for the “smallest production car” for over 50 years. It is a single-seat slowest car it can not go up to the speed of 38 km/hr.

Facts about Peel P50 Car:

  1. The Peel is a three-wheeler single-seater powered by a 50cc petrol engine.
  2. It has only one door on the left-hand side and has one single headlight.
  3. The peel is available in two different variants- the trident which is the entry-level variant and the top-end variant is P50. Both variants don’t have a reverse gear.
  4. The 50 cc engine in the Peel can generate 3.5 bhp and can power the car to a top speed of a mind-blowing 24kmph. If you want a more powerful version you can also get yourself an electric-powered Peel that can reach a top speed of 45kmph

Specifications:

Dimension:
Length54 inch
Width41 inch
Height46.5 inch
Wheelbase43 inch
Weight98 kg
Turning Circle14.11 inch
Ground Clearance5 inch
Powertrain:
Engine Type4 Stroke Petrol
Displacement49 cc
Drive TypeRear Wheel
Torque277 Nm
Power5 ps
Fuel Consumption2.5 L per 100 Km
Top Speed38 Km/hr
Transmission3 Manual no reverse
Power Per Litre9 hp

2. Aixam Coupe

Aixam Coupe(slowest car)

Aixam Coupe is a french light quadricycle two-seater vehicle. In France and England, you don’t need licenses to run this car on the road because it is a slow car. The only requirement to run it government need, your age must be at least 16 years old to run this car and also you have to pass a regular moped test.

Like the Peel P50, its speed is electrically limited to make it one of the slowest cars in the world. So walking or cycling is better than to run the Aixam Coupe. It can be the same as Peel P50 if it’s height would not more.

Facts about Aixam Coupe:

  1. It is the first “no- license” car manufacture in the electric market with the complete range.
  2. It provides the same driving pleasure, absolute operating silence, and 0 percent of noise pollution.
  3. These cars maintain the highest level of comfort ( two proper seats and a big boot) and the comfort of a closed and heated driving position.
  4. These cars range offer up to 110 km.

Specification:

Dimension:
Length119.6 inch
Width59 inch
HeightNA
Wheelbase78.7 inch
Weight350 kg
Front Track52.9 inch
Rear Track52.9 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeDiesel
Displacement400 cc
Drive WheelFront
Torque14 Nm @ 2400 rpm
Power5.6 HP
Fuel Consumption2.36 L per 100 Km
Top Speed45 km/hr
TransmissionVSD Control Automatic
Fuel Capacity16 L

3. Renault: Twizy Electric Car

Renault: Twizy Electric Car(slowest car)

Renault Twizy is also known as Twizy Electric Car. It is a two-seater electric car which is designed by the Renault Motor Company in Valladolid, Spain. In March 2012 it was sent to the french market for sale, then other European countries. Till December 2018 21,874 units of Twizy have been sold in the European market.

In 2012, it was the most selling car in entire Europe. Twizy Electric Car was first shown in 2009 at Frankfurt Motor Show and designed by Françoise Le Bonnie and Luciano Bove. Renault does not provide the battery with the car, you have to take the battery at rent for a monthly fee and they will provide you roadside assistance and replacement guarantee.

Facts about Renault Twizy:

  1. The Twizy consists of scissor-type doors that open straight up. The engineers certainly had a practical reason for this decision, but the upshot is to make this sort of go-kart. Because in Twizy drivers sit in the middle of the car, you can open the car doors and exit in either direction.
  2. The rudimentary electronic displays show your speed, charge level, and the estimate range until you run out of juice. That’s about it. No radio, no A/c, and no charging ports.
  3. There is no trunk, pockets, nor space under the rear seat. Welcome to the future of pure urban mobility: Twizzie amounts of storage whatever backseat passengers can hold in their hand and stash their feet.
  4. There are no windows in the car and there are no door locks in the car.

Specifications:

Dimension:
Length92 inch
Width49 inch
Height57 inch
Wheelbase66 inch
Weight445 kg
Front Track43 inch
Rear Track43 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeElectric
Battery TypeLithium-ion (Li-ion)
DrivetrainRWD
Torque33 Nm (24 lb-ft)
Power5.0 HP
Electric Range100 Km Single Charge
Top Speed80 km/hr
TransmissionSingle Speed
Voltage58 V
Vehicle TypeHatchback
Power to Weight Ratio8.0W/kg

4. Mia Electric Car

Mia Electric Car(slowest car)

This Mia Electric car was made in France by a German based company. It was the first electric model on the market. The production of Mia Electric was started in June 2011 and sent to market for the commercial use and sale but for some financial problems, its production was stopped in December 2013. In March 2014, the Tribunal de Commerce de Niort placed the company in judicial liquidation.

The small Mia electric is a three-seater car, with two sliding doors and the driver’s seat is stationed in the center. The manufacturer says that it gives better all-round visibility. Also, a lot of space has been given for mounting the smartphone, laptop, GPS device and the music player on either side of the driver.

Mia Electric had its own design studio and R&D Department (Research and Development) where a team of 16 designers and 80 engineers worked together. It weighs only 810 kg, which includes a battery, a modest 13 bhp electric motor and a distance of about 80 miles

Facts about Mia Electric Car:

  1. There are three types of Mia electric car were produced: The regular Mia( Short wheelbase, passenger types, three seats). The Mia U ( cargo type or fourgon, long wheelbase, one or two seats). The Mia L ( passenger type, long wheelbase, 3 or 4 seats).
  2. Mia electrical vehicle has a rigid, light metal structure and ABS panels that have been glued, creating edges, fenders, bumpers, and roofs.
  3. On both sides of the vehicle, there are sliding doors with a large cutout in the roof and floor panel, which allow the driver and passengers to freely board and leave the car, as well as facilitates unobstructed loading and unloading.
  4. The onboard auxiliary device, such as external lights, windscreen wipers, a cabin blower, and an electric Power braking vacuum pumps are powered from a standard 12V vehicle supply, which consists of a 17Ah capacity buffer battery supplied by two parallel DC converters from a high voltage traction battery. The internal device communicates with each other using the CAN bus.

Specification:

Dimension:
Length113 inch
Width64.6 inch
Height61.0 inch
Wheelbase71.1 inch
Weight765 KG
Front TrackNA
Rear TrackNA
Powertrain:
Engine TypeElectric
Battery TypeLiFePO4 or LFP (Lithium Ion Phosphate)
Power13.0 HP
Electric Range106 Km Single Charge
Top Speed100 km/hr
TransmissionSingle Speed
Voltage230 V
Vehicle TypeHatchback

5. Tata Nano Car

Tata Nano Car(slowest car)

Tata Nano is the world’s cheapest car and the slowest car also. This car is a production of Tata Motors which is an Indian Company owned by Mr. Ratan Tata.

The trunk of the Nano was only accessible from inside the car, as the rear hatch does not open, but in the end, it got a full hatchback in 2015. It has a single windscreen wiper instead of the pair. Tata Nano is the cheapest commercially available car in the market of India.

The highlight of the Tata Nano is its funky design which is surprisingly spacious and surprisingly practical. It is a genuine 4-seater and offers plenty of legroom and headroom for its occupants. Tata Nano has all the features which a car generally held, but it does not have airbags. Its engine is mated to a 5-speed manual or 5-speed automated manual (AMT) gearbox.

Facts about Tata Nano Car:

  1. Tata nano is the car that has only three bolts in its wheels. Usually, small cars have 4 bolts, but to keep the coasting under control, the makers only bestowed 3 bolts to each wheel.
  2. Another fascinating reality about the pre-facelift Tata Nano had a fixed boot. The reason behind this- coasting, incorporating a movable boot means spending money on lock and open-close mechanism. The Indian car makers adopted the smartest route, the boot was fixed right to the car. Though the new model now has an openable hatch.
  3. One of the most interesting unknown facts about the Tata Nano car is, it is small in size but it offers a lot of space in terms of legroom, shoulder room, elbow room, as well as headroom.
  4. Despite being so small, the Tata Nano has a whooping ground clearance of 180mm which is more than offered in some specious SUV and hatchbacks cars.  

Specifications:

Dimension:
Length122 inch
Width58.9 inch
Height65.0 inch
Wheelbase87.8 inch
Weight635 kg
Front Track52.1 inch
Rear Track51.7 inch
Ground Clearance7.1 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeDiesel, Petrol and CNG
Displacement624 cc
Drive WheelBack
Torque51 Nm @ 4000 rpm
Power40 bhp @ 4000 rpm
Fuel Consumption2.36 L per 100 Km
Top Speed105 km/hr
TransmissionManual
Fuel Capacity15 L
Mileage36 kmpl
No of Gear4
No of cylinder2
Drive TrainRWD

6. Hindustan Ambassador Car

Hindustan Ambassador Car(slowest car)

There is another car which is from India and its name is Hindustan Ambassador.

The Hindustan Ambassador is a five-seater sedan automobile which is manufactured by the  Hindustan Motors of India and its production was started in 1958 Hooghly, West Bengal, and Sriperumbudur near Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It was based on the Morris Oxford 3rd series and was designed and manufactured in the United Kingdom from 1956 to 1959 by Morris Motors Limited.

Before eight to ten years ago Hindustan Ambassador car was used by Ministers and other highly commissioned officers IAS Officers (Indian Administrative Service). But for the security purpose of these cars are replaced by other branded and strong cars.

On the 11th of February 2017, Hindustan Motors signed an agreement with the PSA group to expand the sale of this car with the trademark for a consideration of 80 crore INR. The tie-up fulfills two joint-venture agreements between the two groups of companies. Hindustan Motors Ambassador has 1 petrol engine, 1 CNG engine, 1 LPG engine, and 2 diesel engines. The Ambassador has the mileage of 10.94 to 13.5 km/kg, depending on the version and type of fuel. Ambassador of India is one of the classic cars we have in India.

Facts about Hindustan Ambassador Car:

  1. The Hindustan ambassador remained in production till 2014. The production span of 57 years makes it the longest production car in the country.
  2. Over 16% of ambassador sales came from the Government as it had been the first choice for most politicians and bureaucrats.
  3. Sourcing its capacity from a 1489cc, BMW B-arrangement diesel motor, the diplomat is the first diesel vehicle in Quite a while.
  4. The ambassador car is also known as the national car of India.

Specification:

Dimension:
Length170.2 inch
Width45.7 inch
Height62.7 inch
Wheelbase97.0 inch
Weight1104 kg
Wheel Size4JX15
Tyre Size165/80 R15
Ground Clearance6.0 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeInline Engine
Displacement1817 cc
Drive WheelBack
Torque130 Nm @ 3000 rpm
Power75 PS @ 5000 rpm
Fuel Consumption2
Top Speed105 km/hr
TransmissionManual
Fuel Capacity42 L
Mileage10.94 km/hr
No of Gear4
No of cylinder4
Valves per Cylinder4

7. Chevrolet CMV

Chevrolet CMV

The Chevrolet CMV pickup vehicle is a commercial vehicle. It is actually a badge-engineered version of the Suzuki Carry produced by the now-defunct brand Daewoo. There are many chances that you’ve never heard about the Chevrolet CMV because these cars were specially manufactured for the markets of Central America and Tunisia. The top speed of this car is only 60 miles per hour.

Facts about the Chevrolet CMV:

  1. During World War II, the fighter in the polish resistance turned the chassis of a Chevrolet into an armored car. The car was armed with a flame-thrower and a machine gun and went to Kobus
  2. During the design and initial construction of the Chevrolet, the car had the name “Panther”.
  3. In production since 1933 and introduced in 1953, the Chevrolet suburban in the longest-running automobile nameplate of al time. There have been 12 generations of suburbans with a 13th scheduled to appear in 2019.
  4. It was a series designed to determine the best driver from various other racing series using identical cars on differing types of race tracks. 

Specifications:

Dimensions:
Displacement1199 cc
Power37 Hp
Fuel Consumption0.8 L
Top speed60 mph
TransmissionManual
Engine TypeGas
No of seats5

8. Maruti Suzuki Omni Van

Maruti Suzuki Omni Van

Maruti Suzuki Omni Van is a microvan produced by the Indian subsidiary Maruti Suzuki of Suzuki. The first model of the Omni van had inline-three engines which were similar to the Maruti 800 city car. 

When it launched in 1984 it was known as Maruti van but in 1988 its name was changed to Omni. It also has a small three-cylinder engine similar to the CMV. Despite the lack of power and speed, the Omni, like the CMV, is a tough little van and small business owners rely on them to get the job done.

The Omni is an inexpensive and frugal urban van for large families and taxi drivers, and despite being a very old product, the car still sold more units than many of its participants. Maruti Omni is continuously finding of 6,500 to 7,000 users every month.

Over the years, Omni has made many changes, although it is still quite dated in terms of looks. There is a comfortable space for five persons as well as an option for an eight-seat layout. With a basic styling on the outside and inward, the Omni is a basic eight-seat people mover that offers only a few features.

Facts about the Maruti Suzuki Omni Van:

  1. Maruti Suzuki Omni Van came with sliding doors in addition to the hatchback, which provides ease in access.
  2. The Omni van received a facelift in 1998 after nearly 14 years of production.
  3. Various variants with tweaked interiors and exteriors were introduced in both, family and cargo vehicle categories but remained mechanically unaltered.
  4. Omni is still available in the iconic part of India automotive history and offers more refined features, which help it to secure a place in the top 10 best selling Maruti cars, even after remaining unchanged for almost 3 decades.

Specifications:

Dimension:
Length132.7 inch
Width55.5 inch
Height64.6 inch
Wheelbase72.4 inch
Weight785 kg
Tyre Size145 R-12 LT 6PR
Ground Clearance6.4 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeInline Three Engine
Displacement796 cc
Drive WheelNA
Torque59 Nm @ 2500 rpm
Power37 bhp @ 5000 rpm
Fuel Consumption13 km per liter
Top Speed105 km/hr
Transmission4 Speed Manual
Fuel Capacity36 L
Mileage19.7 kmpl
No of Gear4
Seating Capacity8
Valve Train2 valves per cylinder
IgnitionMultipoint Fuel Injection
Fuel TypePetrol

9. Smart Fortwo CDI

Smart Fortwo CDI

The Smart Fortwo CDI is a rear engine and rear-wheel-drive car. The body type of this model is the coupe. It is a two-seater passenger and only has two doors. The engine type is in-line and emits CO emissions at a rate of 86g / km.

Fortwo Coupe CDI features a turbocharged inline 3 cylinder engine with a diesel motor. Power is transmitted to the road by rear-wheel drive (RWD) with a 6 wheel sequential gearbox. The Fortwo Coupe (W450) model is a car manufactured by Smart, newly sold from 2004 to 2007, and then available as a used car.

Facts about the Smart Fortwo CDI:

  1. The performance of the engine is improved from the predecessor model. The power and torque have increased by 10%, while fuel consumption has decreased by 13 percent.
  2. A turbocharger, charge air-cooling, electrically controlled and cooled exhaust gas recirculation, hydraulic compensation of valve clearance and a best in class light-combination development are further highlights that recognize the CDI motor as a cutting edge bundle
  3. The electronic “brain” of the cdi motor – an elite miniaturized scale PC that controls the entire motor transmission framework – computes how much fuel is required and the interim at which pilot infusion and fundamental infusion happen.
  4. The smart Fortwo cdi has a driving lock, it automatically locks the car doors when the car is in motion.

Specifications:

Dimension:
Length98.43 inches
Width59.65 inch
Height60.98 inch
Wheelbase71.34 inch
Weight805 kg
Tyre Size175/55 R15
Ground Clearance6.0 inch
Powertrain:
Engine TypeInline Three Engine
Displacement799 cc
Drive WheelNA
Torque130 Nm @ 2000 rpm
Power54.2 hp @ 3800 rpm
Fuel Consumption3.3 liter per 100 km
Top Speed135 km/hr
Transmission6 speed sequential
Fuel Capacity22 L
Mileage30 kmpl
No of Gear4
Seating Capacity5
No of Valves6 valves
Engine PositionRear
Fuel TypeDiesel

10. Fiat Qubo: Natural Power 1.4

Fiat Qubo: Natural Power 1.4

Fiat Qubo Natural Power 1.4 is a small van with the ultra-compact dimension, Original lines and incredible load capacity: an original and stunning car. The Fiat Qubo is a small commercial vehicle manufactured by the Italian carmaker Fiat Motor Company. It was started for manufacturing from 2010.

Fiat launched Qubo on the 6th of March 2008 during Geneva Motor Show which was held in Geneva, Switzerland for ten days. This version is suitable for a maximum of five people and can be equipped with different engines.

Qubo 1.4 Natural Power is actually a front-wheel-drive car that has a five-speed manual transmission and it is the tenth slowest car of the world. You will get the 5-inch touch screen and 6 speakers with a radio system, inside the car. Which you can connect speakers via USB cable or from the Bluetooth system.

The gas tank capacity of this car is 13 liters of gas, where normal fuel consumption is 5.2 liters per 100 km. 

Facts about Fiat Qubo:

  1. It is one of the cheapest cars to purchase and run on roads. The diesel version provides excellent economic performance.
  2. In the car, there are lots of security features such as central locking including deadlock, a security alarm system and so on.
  3. Qubo consist of six airbags, as well as ABS with electronic brakeforce distribution.
  4. The Qubo cars come in nine different colors, including some vibrant shades.

Specification:

Dimension:
Length155.8 inch
Width67.5 inch
Height68.3 inch
Wheelbase98.9 inch
Weight1750 kg
Tyre Size185/65/R15
Ground ClearanceNA
Front Track57.5 inch
Rear Track57.6 inch
Powertrain:
No of Cylindersfour inline
Displacement1368 cc
DriveFront
Torque104 Nm @ 3000 rpm
Power70 hp @ 6000 rpm
Fuel Consumption5.2 liter per 100 km
Top Speed149 km/hr
Transmissionmanual 5 speed
Fuel CNG Capacity13.5 kg
Mileage165g per kg
No of Gear5 + reverse
Seating Capacity5
No of Valves6 valves
Engine PositionRear
Fuel TypeCNG

Conclusion:

As a general rule, slow cars are more fun than fast cars. Very few people on earth will ever experience the farthest limits of a state of the art supercar. But a slow car? It gives you the opportunity to savor it, to get to know what it’s like and what it’s capable of. The best part, you can do it without terrorizing anyone else on the road. 

Bugati Chiron
Automative

Bugatti- The Fastest and Most Expensive Car in the World

Do you know which is the most expensive & fastest car in the world? We will talk about the both car in this article. So read till last.

If you still think that the Rolls Royce Sweptail is the most expensive car in the world which is $ 12 Million USD that means you are wrong. This was true but before March 2019. So what happened in March, if you are excited to know read this article till the end.

Bugatti launched their new car which beat the Rolls Royce Sweptail.

Bugatti La Voiture Noire – Most Expensive Car in the World

If we say that the Bugatti is one of the fastest cars in the world or the world’s fastest car, that is not wrong. Not only the fastest car, but also a worthy and expensive car in the world. Bugatti La Voiture Noire the model of Bugatti, when we are publishing this article in 2019 its cost is $ 18.5 Million USD.

Bugatti La Voiture Noire

This is an expensive car not only for its fast speed but also for its other brilliant functions. La Voiture Noire was introduced in 2019 at Palexpo, Grand-Saconnex, Switzerland. During Geneva Motor Show which was held for ten days between 7 March to 17 March 2019. It joins the Divo as a derivative which is already a popular Chiron hypercar.

La Voiture Noire was built to celebrate the 110th anniversary of Bugatti, the success of Mr. Ettore Bugatti, owner of Bugatti Motors and La Voeuvre Noire is a modern reinterpretation of the Jean Bugatti’s Type 57 SC Atlantic since the 1930s. This was the single car that was manufactured and sold in 12.5 million dollars.

Specifications

The Black Car - Bugatti Voiture

As you can see in the image La Voiture Noir is a completely black colored car that can attract car lovers easily. Its black color shines like a diamond and shows the symbol of royalty. We must praise the engineers and designers who have done very hard work on it.

La Voiture Noir has a powerful engine which is 1,479 horsepower with the 8-liter engine (7993 cc). Everybody knows Horse is a good runner and a powerful animal. Assume that how powerful and faster your chariot can become if 1,479 horse pulls it together.

It has 1600 Nm torque (the turning ability of an engine) @ 2000 rpm from 16 cylinders. This is the iconic W16 that has been at the center of Bugatti in recent years, redesigned for this particular car.

The weight of the car is 2000kg, hp/weight is 750 per ton ( it is a power to weight ratio and represented by hp to 10 pounds). It can reach up to 100 km/hr in just 2.4 seconds and a top speed of the car is 420 km/hr.

Engine

If we think about the internal combustion engine in a logical way, more cylinder means more power. Bugatti resurrected the sixteen cylinders in a few concepts, and they shocked the world when it started its production in 2001. To engine designer, there is nothing new under the sun.

So, they take inspiration from the Jetta VR6 and simply improved it. In general, the W16 engine is equal to two VR8 engines. Especially they added 4 cylinders to the W12 found in Bentley, Audi, as well as in VW models.

The Bugatti La Voiture Noir engine performance is slightly improved than the predecessor by the use of a sequential turbocharger. Instead of heaving to awaken 4 equally sized turbos simultaneously, the Buggati La Voiture Noire Engine keeps two small turbines spinning and ready to make boast.  

Transmission

Before the return of Bugatti, no transmission is capable enough to hold such power had been conceived. So it took the formula 1 master at Ricardo to built a new 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox.

The dry-sump system has various cooling circuits and it sends power to a multi-plate rear differential. The front end is controlled by a Haldex unit, similar to what Lamborgini and Audi cars use.

With the Bugatti La Voiture Noir making 1,479 horsepower, Ricardo decided to demand the best components from their supplier. Each of the components has been tested to destruction to ensure years of worry free-shifting.

Regardless of your feelings about the dual-clutch transmission, it makes perfect sense in this application. The potency of the brand is clearly evident in the Buggati La Voiture Noire.  

Interior

Stephan Winkelmann, President of Bugatti describes the Buggati La Voiture interior as a most comfortable car ever manufactured. It is a coupe that feels like a limousine.

The symmetrical layout and ergonomic controls will prevent anxiety when you are driving at 250 mph. It takes countless hours to combine inspiration from the past with the latest in safety and connectivity.

Leather and machine metals are combined to create the perfect atmosphere for the owner. Nothing is left to chance, as the seats, pedals, and controls are measured and fitted to the owner.

Brakes

If you really need to stop, you should consider AP Racing. They engineered the Bugatti La Voiture Noire specs to allow for 249-mph in 10 seconds.

The massive rotors measure 16.5″ front and 15.7″ outback. Although they have considered the idea of titanium calipers, the Buggati La Voiture Noire breaks are 8-pistons front and 6 piston rear.

Each position is a unique size to maximize the swept area. Using a few aerodynamic tricks, the front rotor heat shields create a turbine effect, increasing downforce at high speed.

Because of the carbon-ceramic disc designed to last the life of the car, the brake pads are your only point of wear.  

Standout Features

Everything about this car stands out. The name is changed to ” The Black Car” because it was inspired by a car that disappeared at the beginning of World WarII.

The body is meant to look like a solid sculpture, and it is able to hold more lateral G force than any other Buggati car. Both bumpers are made up of carbon fiber and integrated into the body. Covering the engine is the gorgeous deck lid perforable in an art- deco style.

The wheels and tires are specific to this car, with the silver spokes appearing longer by being painted on the sidewall. It is the blast from the past and also the statement to the world. Bugatti is capable of making your dream come true.  

Bugatti Chiron – Fastest Car in the world

The Bugatti La Voiture Noire is the most expensive car but not the fastest car. This car did not make itself the fastest car and couldn’t beat its own brother Bugatti Chiron.

When we think about the speed the only name comes in mind, which is Bugatti Chiron. Bugatti has got the crown of the most expensive and fastest car in the world and maybe in the future, it can win more prizes in every competition.

Bugatti Chiron

Bugatti Chiron is actually a two-seater french sports car was manufactured Bugatti Motor Company in Molsheim. It was revealed in 2016 at Geneva Motor Show which was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 3 March -13 March for ten days to complete. This car is based on the concept of  Bugatti Vision Gran Turismo.

Specifications

Dimension

Length178.8 inch
Width80.2 inch
Height47.7 inch
Wheel Base106.6 inch
Seat Capacity2
Weigh in kg1995 kg

Convenience and Comfort

Air Quality ControlYes
Gear Shift IndicatorYes
Rear CurtainNo
Luggage Hook & NetNo
Battery SaverNo
Lane Change IndicatorNo
Rear Entertainment SystemYes (Radio, Bluetooth and others)
Internal storageNO
Audio SystemYes
Voice ControlNo
Steering Wheel Gearshift PaddlesYes
Keyless EntryYes
Engine Start/Stop ButtonYes
Glove Box CoolingNo
Central Console ArmrestYes
Tailgate AjarNo
Remote Trunk OpenerNo
Remote Fuel Lid OpenerYes
Low Fuel Warning LightYes
Accessory Power OutletYes
Trunk LightNo
Vanity MirrorNo
Rear Seat Centre Arm RestNo
Height Adjustable Front Seat BeltsNo
Cup Holders-FrontYes
Power SteeringYes
Power Windows-FrontYes
Power Windows-RearNo
Air ConditionerYes
HeaterYes
Heated Seats – RearNo
Seat Lumbar SupportYes
Cruise ControlYes
Parking SensorsYes
Autonomous ParkingNo
Navigation SystemYes
Foldable Rear SeatNo
Smart Access Card EntryYes
USB ChargerNo
TachometerYes
Dual Trip MeterYes
Touch Screen DisplayNo
Cup Holders-RearNo
Rear AC VentsNo
Heated Seats FrontYes
Adjustable SteeringYes
Automatic Climate ControlYes
Rear Reading LampNo
Rear Seat HeadrestNo

Bugatti attributes his distinctive character to a family of artists and engineers and strives to supply the best, the extraordinary, incomparable, forever. Each component of Chiron can be a combination of remembrance of its history and also the most innovative technology. The result is a novel creation of pouring with worth and exciting automotive achievement.

Conclusion:

Nowadays, Bugatti becomes a brand synonymous with speed and style. The Chiron is the fastest street-legal production car by Bugatti. While the Bugatti Veyron is the most expensive supercar around the world. Bugatti cars provide comfortable rides and add beautiful experiences of driving.

super_bike
Automative

7 Best Super Bikes of India (2020 Top List)

Super bikes are different from street bikes. These types of bike were usually used for racing. But nowadays you can see these fastest Superbikes on the roads as well. The craze of super bikes in India you can see in every city.

If you conduct a survey in India and ask from youth how many of them like to ride on superbikes. There are very rare chances somebody will say, “No, I don’t like Superbikes”.

Keeping all these things in mind, we have prepared the list of 7 most popular super bikes in India. Check out the list to know more about specifications, facts & their dimension.

List of top 7 super bikes in India

1. Ducati 1299 Panigale

Ducati 1299 Panigale

Italian manufacturer Ducati is the leading bike manufacturers in the world, and this is clearly reflected by the company’s long list of powerful bikes. The Ducati 1299 Panigale is a performance-oriented version of the quality 1299 Panigale. This is the lightest and most powerful bike GQ has ever ridden by some margin.

The Ducati Panigale was revealed in 2014 at Milan Motorcycle Show. The 1299 Panigale is powered by the rebellious version of the engine of the 1199 Panigale, which displaces the 1285cc.

The powerful engine and modern Ducati race design make it an ideal companion for the Italian premium bike lovers of India. The new 1299 Panigale is breathtakingly beautiful stylish and is guaranteed to blow your mind. Ducati 1299 Panigale price starts from ₹ 51.82 Lakh INR.

Facts about Ducati 1299 Panigale

1. Peak output is a claimed 205 hp. There’s also a claimed 15-percent increase in torque throughout the midrange from 5,000 to 8,000 rpm.

2. The base model Ducati 1299 Panigale has a 50mm Marzocchi fork and a Sachs shock, the S model gets an Ohlins Smart EC NIX30 43mm fork and TTX36 shock featuring electronic compression and rebound damping adjustment. It has both fixed and semi-active modes. The Smart EC event-based algorithm is tuned differently within each ride mode and can also be fine-tuned within each mode.

3. The three ride modes—Race, Sport, Rain—may be altered from the factory default. The modes include several customizable parameters affecting power delivery, the suspension, and the Ohlins electronic steering damper.

The following parameters are displayed on the dash: Quick-Shift preference (up/down, up only or off), traction control (DTC) level, engine brake (EBC) level, wheelie control (DWC) level, and ABS setting.

There’s also a new +/- switch on the left bar that allows on-the-fly adjustment of DTC, EBC, or DWC. This feature only functions in Race mode and only one adjustable parameter can be assigned to the +- switch. Altering the +/- assignment requires the bike to be stationary.

  • Displacement: 1285 cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 2
  • Power: 207 HP @ 10500 rpm
  • Torque : 142 Nm @ 9000 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 17 L
  • Mileage: 15kmpl

Dimension

  • Length: 81.4•  Width: 29.3• Height: 43.5
  • Wheelbase: 56.8
  • Seat Height: 32.7
  • Weight: 190kg 
  • Fuel: 4.5 gal

2. Suzuki Hayabusa

2. Suzuki Hayabusa

You can see Hayabusa’s craze in India and it is the most popular and fastest superbike in India. The previous Indian cricket team captain, MS Dhoni, also praises and uses this bike. Hayabusa is another name for fantastic enthusiasts worldwide. Suzuki Hayabusa is a sports motorbike that was manufactured by Suzuki Motor Company in 1999.

The “Hayabusa”, as it is famous in the motorcycle world, kicked-off the big bike trend in India. It was the fastest manufactured motorcycle at the time and continues with today’s accelerated youth.

The Hayabusa Instrument Cluster options a group of four spherical analog gauges that show tachometers, speedometers, fuel meters, and coolant temperatures. It additionally gets a spherical LCD display (digital display) that shows the gear position indicator, clock, odometer, trip meter, and S-DMS map indicator.

Suzuki has launched the 2019 version of the iconic Hayabusa in two new colors grey and black with a pair of side reflectors to meet Indian safety standards. The price of this superbike bikes in India is  ₹13.74 Lakh.

Facts about Hayabusa

1. The lightweight and powerful engine of Hayabusa has been used in non-motorcycle applications as well. The British made Lotus Seven inspired Westfield Megabusa deploys the engine of Hayabusa

Suzuki was the first manufacturer to use the motorcycle’s engine in a car. In the year 2001, Suzuki used the Hayabusa engine in two of its concept cars, Suzuki GSX-R/4 and the formula Hayabusa, which was an open-wheel race car designed for Japanese one-make competition series.

2. Even after the 15 years of its inception, the bike is still among the fastest accelerating motorcycle ever introduced in the world. It takes only 2.76 seconds to reach 0-100 kmph and presently ranked at 11 positions.

  • Displacement: 1340cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 197bhp @ 9500rpm
  • Torque : 155 Nm @ 7200 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 21 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70ZR17M/C
  • Rear Tyre: 190/50ZR17M/C 

Dimension

  • Length: 86.2” •  Width: 28.9” • Height: 45.8”
  • Wheelbase: 58.2”
  • Seat Height: 31.6”
  • Weight: 266kg
  • Fuel: 5.5 L

3. BMW S1000RR

BMW S1000RR

BMW S1000RR is a sports bike, it was manufactured by the BMW Company, for the 2009 Superbike World Championship. It was actually introduced by the company in 2008 in Munich.

Riding on the S1000RR in 2009, BMW made a stunning entry into the liter-class sportbike segment. Although the German bike maker had no expertise in making sports bikes, its S1000RR created a smashing entry because it won each major sports bike comparison. In India, the BMW S1000RR competing with the Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R and ZX-10RR, Yamaha R1 and R1M, Aprilia RSV4 and Ducati 1299 Panigale.

BMW always loads its motorcycle with electronic components and the S1000RR is no different. The bike is provided with a full-color TFT instrument console that’s Bluetooth-enabled. It additionally gets a dynamic traction system, hill-start assists, Shift Assist professional, adjustable engine braking, six-axis IMU, wheelie management, launch management, and ABS.

The 2019 BMW S1000RR is in two color options and three packages – Standard, Pro, and Pro M Sport and their prices are ₹ 19.72 Lakh, ₹ 22.31 Lakh and ₹ 24.43 Lakh INR.

Facts about BMW S1000RR

1. The 2019 BMW S1000RR is powered by a revised 999cc, an in-line four-cylinder motor that makes 207PS- an increased by 8PS- power at 8,500 rpm and 113Nm of torque at 11,000rpm. The motor also revs higher by 500rpm. The engine comes mated to a 6-speed gearbox with a bi-directional quick shifter.

2. The 2019 BMW S1000RR has taken weight reduction very seriously. Not only has the engine been made lighter by 4kgs, but the chassis has been registered as well and there’s also a WSBK-inspired aluminum swingarm. The bike now weighs 197 kgs, 11 kgs lighter than the previous generation.

  • Displacement: 999cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 204bhp @ 13500rpm
  • Torque : 113 Nm @ 10500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 16.5 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR 17
    Rear Tyre: 190/55 ZR 17
  • Top speed: 299 Kmph

Dimension

  • Length: 80.7•  Width: 32.5 • Height: 44.8
  • Wheelbase: 56.0
  • Seat Height: 32
  • Weight: 197kg
  • Fuel: 4 L

4. Yamaha YZF R1

Yamaha YZF R1

Yamaha YZF R1 is one of the most popular sports bikes in India. In India, three out of five bike lovers have Yamaha YZF R1. it is one of the most popular superbike bikes in Indian which was manufactured by Yamaha Motor Company in 1998.

The 2018 Yamaha YZF R1 came to India with pure MotoGP blood and upgrades to form it a robust competitor in the field. The bike sports a grifter style language and LED light source unit with DRL the same as the previous model. However, the new paint theme associated graphics offer the YZF-R1 an aggressive look.

The Supersport motorbike includes a cross-plane engine, shorter wheelbase and a few high-tech electronic systems that may positively excite you to the core. The ECU has been programmed for the five different kinds of control systems, including traction control, quick shifter, launch control, and slide control. The price of this superbike in India is ₹ 19.24 lakhs.

Facts about Yamaha YZF-R1

1. The Yamaha YZF-R1 was one of the first liter-class superbike launches in India. The bike generated a lot of hype when it was launched way back in 2008. Yamaha launched the latest generation of the R1 in India in 2015

2. The R1 comes dressed in two colors- Yamaha Blue and Tech Black. While the Yamaha Blue name has been used on various hues of blue on Yamaha bikes, its latest iteration on the R1 is the darkest yet. The also gets new livery with minimal body graphics, granting it a better look.

  • Displacement: 998cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 197.3bhp @ 13500rpm
  • Torque : 112.4 Nm @ 11500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 17 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR17M/C

Dimension

  • Length: 80.9” •  Width: 27.1” • Height: 45.2”
  • Wheelbase: 55.3”
  • Seat Height: 33.6”
  • Weight: 200kg
  • Fuel: 1.9 L

5. Aprilia RSV4

Aprilia RSV4

Aprilia Motor Company launched their RSV4 superbike in 2009 but its manufacturing was started in 2008. RSV4 has a rich racing inheritance and has evolved into a very capable race machine over a period of time. It is now a group of modern technology and is one of the best bikes in its category.

The 2016 updated bike was created to take advantage of and follow this year’s Superbike rules stating that fewer modifications are allowed for production bikes. It has more power, lighter, and has improved keeping and electronics. The price of this superbike in India is ₹ 20.71 lakhs.

Facts about Aprilia RSV4

1. The bump in displacement was achieved by increasing the bore from 78mm to 81mm. The 52.3mm stroke and 3.6:1 compression ratio remain identical to the RSV4 RR. A revised ECU increases the 1100’s rev ceiling to 13,600 rpm—600 rpm higher than the RSV4 RF and RR. With higher rpm, available torque increases by five ft/lbs over the V4 1000. The result is a motor that claims to produce a staggering 217 horsepower at 13,200 rpm and 90 ft/lbs at 11,000 rpm.

2.  Aprilia has not provided specific weight numbers, the Euro 4 compliant exhaust should prove to be lighter than the alloy unit it replaces. If Akrapovic’s reputation is any indicator, this will allow the new V4 to be heard as it was intended to be

  • Displacement: 999.6 cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 201 bhp @ 13000 rpm
  • Torque : 115 Nm @ 10500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 18.5 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR 17
  • Rear Tyre: 200/55 ZR 17
  • Top speed: 300 Kmph
  • Mileage: 12 kmpl

Dimension

  • Length: 80.3” •  Width: 28.9” • Height: 44”
  • Wheelbase: 55.9”
  • Seat Height: 33.2”
  • Weight: 179 kg
  • Fuel: 4 L

6. MV Agusta F4

MV Agusta F4

MV Agusta F4 is one of the most beautiful models of MV Agusta Motor Company. This superbike has stolen the heart of millions of bike lovers in India by its beautiful shining design and superfast performance. The MV Agusta F4 is built on a steel tubular frame, with a one-way aluminum swingarm.

The original F4 1000 was designed by the famous Italian automotive designer Massimo Tamburini.  The F4 gets a diamond-shaped headlamp studded with two guide lights, while the lines have been sharpened to improve aerodynamics.

The electronics package comes with eight-level traction control, torque control with four maps, anti-wheel function, lean angle sensor, and a torque shift system. The cost of this superbike bike in INR is ₹ 60.76 Lakh. The F4 engine is a unique engine in that it is a recently built radial-valve motorcycle engine.

Facts about MV Agusta F4

1. The Corsa Corta inline four-cylinder engine (bore 79 mm, stroke 50.9 mm) features a central distribution chain and radial valves. This version puts out a maximum power of 205 horsepower; a dedicated kit that arrives with the F4 RC adds seven additional horsepower for a total of 212.

2. The electronic platform is optimized to obtain the best possible performance on both track and road. Parameters such as throttle sensitivity, maximum torque, engine braking, engine response, and rev limiter can all be customized. The F4 RC inertial platform has a lean-angle sensor and three gyroscopes, as well as three accelerometers: a package is a design to ensure absolute dynamic efficiency, thanks also to EAS 2.0 electronically assisted shift.

  • Displacement: 998 cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power:201 bhp @ 13600rpm
  • Torque : 111 Nm @ 9600 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 17 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 – ZR 17 M/C
  • Rear Tyre: 200/55 – ZR 17 M/C
  • Top speed: 291.2 Kmph
  • Mileage: 15 kmpl

Dimension

  • Length: 83.2” •  Width: 29.5” • Height: 45.2”
  • Wheelbase: 56.9”
  • Seat Height: 32.6”
  • Weight: 191kg
  • Fuel: 4 L

7. Kawasaki Ninja ZX 14R

Kawasaki Ninja ZX 14R

Kawasaki Ninja ZX 14R was introduced by Kawasaki Motorcycles and Engine Company in 2005 in Japan, which became the most powerful bike in 2007. Ninja ZX 14R was started for production in 2006. It is a supercharged super support class motorcycle in the Ninja Bike series.

The development of the Ninja ZX 14R motorcycle is beyond the limits of any other Kawasaki motorcycle. Kawasaki Ninja ZX-14R has good popularity in India, due to which it is a Hyper Sport Pedigree. It has been on sale in India since 2013, however, the 2016 version promises to be a whole lot better.

This superbike price in the Indian market is ₹19.7 Lakh (1.9 Million) INR.

Facts about Kawasaki Ninja ZX 14R

1. Kawasaki built really sturdy bikes, their plastic quality is tough! So if you drop it, it won’t shatter like the other.

2. Their engine revs hard and high because Kawasaki put the power all the way up in the rev range

3. Kawasaki has announced that it will discontinue the ninja ZX-14R next year. As of now, there’s no specific reason, but we expect new emission norms and the fact that it hasn’t been updated for a long time now as a few reasons behind its discontinuation. Kawasaki has updated the legendary Ninja ZX-14R with a new scheme for My2020: golden Blazed Green over Metallic black.

  • Displacement: 1441 cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 207.9 hp @ 10000 rpm
  • Torque : 158.2 Nm @ 7500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 22 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR17 M/C
  • Rear Tyre: 190/50 ZR17 M/C
  • Top speed: 299 Kmph
  • Mileage: 11 kmpl

Dimension

  • Length: 85.4”
  • Width: 29.9”
  • Height: 46.1”
  • Wheelbase: 58.3”
  • Seat Height: 31.5”
  • Weight: 269 kg
  • Fuel: 5.8 L

Conclusion:

These were some of the most popular super bikes in India that are dominating in-country through their different style, performance, and advanced technology. Thanks for visiting.

liquid cooling system
Automative

Engine Cooling System in Automobiles & How it Work

Continuously running a car or an automobile can heat up the engine, and reach up to its extreme position beyond your thinking. According to the study, in engine cylinders the temperature of the burning gases can reach up to 1773.15K – 2273.15K (1500°C – 2000°C). It is more than the temperature and Melting Point of Platinum (1768°C) and Titanium (1668°C), which can oxidize the lubrication oil inside the engine and deposit carbon on the surface. 

The amount of heat delivered to the cylinder walls is too high. If the heat is not released from the cylinder, then, it will the piston, high fuel consumption, pre-ignition, and burning of lubricants, etc.

Only 30% of heat is used by the engine to convert into mechanical work, where 30% heat is useless and 40% heat exhausted by the exhaust fans. Not all heat generated by fuel combustion engine cylinders. It converts the heat into useful power in the crankshaft. Thus to remove the excess heat from the engine cylinder a cooling system is used.

A system in the engine which is used to maintain the temperature is known as the cooling system of the engine. When the engine is hot, it must remove the heat at a rapid rate. At the beginning of the engine, the engine cooling should be very slow so that the different working parts can reach their operating temperature in a few time.

Types of cooling systems in Cars

Two types of cooling systems are used in the engine.

  1. Air Cooling System
  2. Water Cooling System

Car Air Cooling System

Car Air Cooling System

Air cooling systems are used in small engines up to 15–20 kW. In these types of systems, the heat conducted by the outermost parts of the engine is radiate and the air is driven away from the stream. An air-cooled engine is simpler to create than a water-cooled engine because heat is transferred directly from the cylinder and head to the air.

When the automobile is normally driven at sufficient speed to provide sufficient wind speed to transfer heat. The whole cooling system is only the fins on the air-cooled engine. The air-cooled engine has a fan or blower, to improve the airflow in the rear of the wings adequately, with the small or slow movement of air.

As you know the air cooling system usually uses in a small automobile such as scooters, motorcycles, small car engines and it also provides in some small industrial engines, where the forward speed of the machine gives good velocity to cool the engine. 

Air Cooling System Advantages

  • It has low manufacturing prices.
  • It doesn’t require high maintenance.
  • This doesn’t contain liquid coolant, so there will be no problem like leakage and freezing.
  • The engine has light in weight because it has no cooling pipe radiator, fan pump, and liquid cooling jacket.
  • Installation, assembling, disassembling of the engine is easy and simple.

Air Cooling System Disadvantages

  • The cooling of the engine is non-uniformly.
  • In comparison to the water cooling system, it is less efficient.
  • This generates aerodynamic noises.
  • It can only be used for short-sized engines, because of its small capacity for heat wastage.

Car Engine Water Cooling System

Car Engine Water Cooling System

In the water cooling system, water is circulated via the water jacket around each valve seat, valve stems and combustion chamber. The water-cooled engine block and cylinder head have reciprocating cooling channels. All channels at the top of the cylinder head converted to a single outlet.

This removes excessive heat generated in the engine and protects it from overheating and keeps the engine at working temperature for efficient and economical work.

The water continuously moves by a centrifugal water pump which is operated by V-belt from the pulley on the engine crankshaft. It drives hot coolant from the engine to the radiator, a form of the heat exchanger. After passing from the radiator, water is poured into the drain and the water is pumped through the cylinder inlet route.

Parts in Water Cooling System

(1) Water Pump:

This is a centrifugal type pump. It is located at the front of the cylinder block and is usually driven by means of a belt. This type of pump consists of the following parts:

  1. body or casing
  2. impeller (rotor)
  3. shaft
  4. bearings, or bush
  5. water pump seal
  6. pulley

The bottom of the radiator is connected to the suction side of the pump. The power is transmitted to the pump spindle from a pulley at the end of the crankshaft. Seals of various designs are incorporated in the pump to prevent loss of coolant from the system.

(2) Radiator:

The main purpose of the radiator is to cool down the water received from the engine. The radiator consist of three parts:

  1. Upper tank
  2. Lower tank
  3. Tube

Hot water from the upper tank, which comes from the engine, flow in the downward direction through the tubes. The heat contained in the hot water is conducted to the copper fins present around the tubes. An overflow pipe, connected to the upper tank, permits excess water or steam to escape. There are three types of radiators:

  1. Gilled tube radiator- It is the oldest type of radiator, although it is still in use. In this, water flows inside the tubes. Each tube has a large number of annular rings or fins pressed firmly over its outside surface.
  2. Tubular radiator- The only difference between a gilled tubes radiator and a tubular one is that in this case there are no separate fins for individual tubes. The radiator vertical tubes pass through thin fine copper sheets.
  3. Honeycomb or cellular radiator- The cellular radiator consists of a large number of individual air that is surrounded by water. In this, the blockage of any passage affects only a small part of the cooling surface. However, in the tubular radiator, if one tube becomes clogged, the entire cooling effect is lost.
(3) Fan:

The fan is generally placed on the water pump pulley, although in some engines it is attached directly to the crankshaft. A fan helps to solve two purposes in the cooling system of an engine.

  1. The fan draws atmospheric air through the radiator and thus increases the efficiency of the radiator in cooling hot water.
  2. Throws fresh air over the outer surface of the engine, which takes away the heat conducted by the engine parts and thus increases the efficiency of the entire cooling system
(4) Antifreeze Mixture:

In order to prevent the water in the cooling system from freezing, some chemical solutions which are known as anti-freeze solutions are mixed with water. In cold areas, if the engine is kept without this solution for some time, the water may freeze and expand leading to damage in the cylinder block, cylinder head, pipes and/or radiators. The boiling point of the anti-freeze solution should be as high as that of water. An ideal mixture should easily dissolve in water, be reasonably cheap and should not deposit any foreign matter in the jacket pipes and radiator.

(5) Thermostat Valve:

It is a kind of check valve which opens and closes with the effect of temperature. It is fitted in the water outlet of the engine. During the warm-up period, the thermostat is closed and the water pump circulates the water throughout the cylinder block and cylinder head. When the normal operating temperature is reached, the thermostat valve opens and allows hot water to flow towards the radiator. Standard thermostats are designed to start opening at 70 to 75°C and they fully open at 82°C. High-temperature thermostats, with permanent anti-freeze solutions. start opening at 80 to 90°C and fully open at 92°C. There are three types of thermostats: (a) bellow type, (b) bimetallic type and (c) pellet type.

  1. Bellow type valve: Flexible bellows are filled with alcohol or ether. When the bellows are heated, the liquid vaporizes, creating enough pressure to expand the bellows. When the unit is cooled, the gas condenses. The pressure reduces and the bellows collapse to close the valve.
  2. Bimetallic type valve: This consists of a bimetallic strip. The unequal expansion of two metallic strips causes the valve to open and allows the water to flow in the radiator.
  3. Pellet type valve: A copper wax pellet expands when heated and contracts when cooled. The pellet is connected to the valve through a piston, such that on the expansion of the pellet, it opens the valve. A coil spring closes the valve when the pellet contracts.

Types of Water Cooling System

  1. Thermosyphon Cooling System
  2. Impeller Circulation Cooling System
  3. Pump Circulation Cooling System
  4. Pressurized Cooling System 
(1) Thermosyphon Water Cooling System:

This system works on the principle that the hot water has lower density and rises up, and cold water is being heavier that goes down.

In these types of systems, the radiator kept at the upper level than the engine for easy flow of water towards the engine. This is how hot water in the water jacket rises and goes over the radiator. From where it passes and cools, and is collected in the bottom tank. In these systems, the rate of supply is too low.

(2) Impeller Circulation Cooling System:

This is an updated version of the thermosyphon cooling system. The main motive of the impeller cooling system is to provide the right regulation, capable of the maximum engine cooling pump efficiency. And it is all the same except that it has a small impeller unit powered by the engine to increase the circulation rate of water.

(3) Pump Circulation Water Cooling System:

This system has the same construction as the thermosyphon cooling system except that it uses a centrifugal pump for circulating water in a water jacket and radiator.

It is a modern system of water cooling in which water is circulated effectively by cylinder block to the radiator. And come back via a centrifugal pump driven by the engine V-belt.

(4) Pressurized Water Cooling System:

This is an updated version of the pump circulation cooling system. In this, you will get the special radiator cap with a spring-loaded pressure valve and a vacuum valve. The cap becomes gas-tight when the engine gets heat, water vapor is formed on the cap.  

Therefore a boiling point of water is raised in the system. So that the working temperature of the engine also increases, higher temperature gives better thermal efficiency.

As the coolant temperature increases, the setpoint of the variable pressure relief valve. Also, increases and the system relief pressure automatically varies with the coolant temperature over a range of pressures whose upper limit is enough greater than the set point of the relief valve in the pressure cap so that the maximum system operating pressure is still finite by the pressure cap.

Water Cooling System Advantages

  • The water-cooling system is efficient as compared to the air-cooling system.
  • Cylinder, cylinder head, and valve’s uniforming cooling, it is different from the air cooling system.
  • Water-cooled engines have lower fuel consumption than air-cooled engines.
  • Water-cooled engines do not require a more frontal area.
  • If we install a water cooling system, there is no need for an engine on the front end of the moving automobile.
  • The cooling system can be easily located anywhere in the car. In some vehicles, it is at the rear, while in air-cooled engines, this is not possible.
  • The engine is less noisy than an air-cooled engine, as it has water for soaking noise.

Water Cooling System Disadvantages

  • The water cooling system needs pure water to work properly.
  • It totally depends on the supply of water.
  • The water pump which supplies the water absorbs a lot of energy.
  • In the case of cooling system failure, the engine may suffer severe damage.
  • Water coolant system requires regular maintenance, its parts require more maintenance.
  • The Water cooling system is expensive because it has many different parts.
  • The cost of the water cooling system is quite high.
  • The water cooling engine is heavy because it contains lots of water inside. It also has large numbers of parts.

Conclusion:

The cooling system of the car keeps the engine from getting overheated, not to keep it cool. It also increases the thermal efficiency of the engine.

Automative

Five Fastest Superbike in the World

These are the top five Super Fast Superbike in the world. If you are a bike lover you will be happy to know about the super-fast superbikes. These bikes are known for their performance and high speed.

Dodge Tomahawk

It is worth mentioning that bikes, like supercars, continue to exchange their positions for top speed and acceleration. The Tomahawk was introduced in 2003 by Dodge at North American International Auto Show. It is a Viper V-10 based motorcycle, with a 500 horsepower 8.3L V-10 engine that has four wheels. 

When it was originally revealed in Detroit, the Dodge Tomahawk was nothing more than a wet dream of a speed junk. But now it is one of the world’s superfast bikes, which has the highest price at $550,000. The Dodge Tomahawk can reach up to 60 miles per hour speed in just 2.5 seconds. Each pair of wheels were separated by a few centimeters and each wheel had its own separate single suspension which was required to handle the power.

Performance Claim

As it is introduced in the market in 2003,

Dimension

  • Length: 102” •  Width: 27.7” • Height: 36.9”
  • Wheelbase: 76”
  • Seat Height: 29”
  • Weight: 1,500 lb • Weight Dist: 49F/51R
  • Track: Front: 8.75” • Rear: 10”
  • Fuel: 3.25 gal

Kawasaki Ninja H2R

Kawasaki Ninja H2R

Kawasaki Ninja H2 was introduced by Kawasaki Motorcycles and Engine Company in 2015 in Japan. It is a supercharged super support class motorcycle in the Ninja Bike series. The development of the Ninja H2R motorcycle is beyond the limits of any other Kawasaki motorcycle. This superbike price in the Indian market is ₹75.8 Lakh (7.5 Million) INR.

  • Displacement: 998cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 310-322 HP @14000rpm
  • Torque: 156 Nm @12500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 17L

Dimension

  • Length: 82.1” •  Width: 33.5” • Height: 32.5”
  • Wheelbase: 57.1”
  • Seat Height: 32.7”
  • Weight: 215.9kg 
  • Track: Front: 8.75” • Rear: 9.84”
  • Fuel: 3.75 gal

MTT Y2K Turbine Superbike

Y2K Superbike is manufactured by Marine Turbine Technologies. This bike is powered by a turboshaft engine since 2000. MTT Y2K used a Rolls-Royce Allison 250-C18 gas turbine, which was used by helicopter. Bikes are not mass-produced in continuous series; Each specific bike is handmade to order after obtaining the buyer’s specifications.

The new MTT Y2k Turbine Superbike is actually a race-ready superbike and comes with a design that matches and even shakes some of the most popular performance bikes around the world.

Guinness World Record considers that the MTT Y2K  is the fastest and most expensive production motorcycle. MTT Y2K came to India in 2013 during India Bike Week which was held in Goa. The cost of the MTT Y2K Turbine Superbike is $200,000 USD.

  • Engine: Rolls-Royce 250-C18 Turboshaft 
  • Power: 350 HP 
  • Torque : 500 ft/lbs
  • Fuel tank capacity: 34L

Dimension

  • Length: 96.45” 
  • Wheelbase: 68”
  • Seat Height: 33”
  • Weight: 200kg 
  • Engine Weight: 62kg

Honda CBR1100XX

The Honda CBR1100XX is also known as Super Blackbird. The Blackbird, named after the Lockheed SR-71 (the United States Air Force fighter jet plane), is also a speed record holder. This bike was made to challenge, Kawasaki Ninja ZX-11 as the world’s fastest manufactured motorcycle. 

The engine is pushed forward to push the center of gravity downward which improves the balance of the bike. To minimize the composite block, the cylinder block was designed with as little additional material as possible to keep it as light as possible. Even the valve angles were submerged to keep the combustion chamber fully compact.

The bike has a knock-on detonation sensor fitted to each cylinder that continuously monitors combustion efficiency and optimizes ignition timing. To ensure that the engine is at excellent performance every second. The Super-Blackbird’s engine is so smooth that Honda took it straight to the frame without the use of a rubber mount, which also increased overall rigidity while allowing the frame to be made lighter.

  • Displacement: 1,137cc
  • Power: 164HP @ 9450rpm
  • Torque : 109.7 Nm @ 7500 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 23.0 L
  • Max Speed: 303 mph
  • Front Tyre: 120/70 ZR17
  • Rear Tyre: 180/55 ZR17

Dimension

  • Length: 85.0” •  Width: 28.4” • Height: 46.1”
  • Wheelbase: 58.6”
  • Seat Height: 331.9”
  • Weight: 254kg 
  • Fuel: 4.9 gal

Suzuki Hayabusa

Hayabusa is another name for fantastic enthusiasts worldwide. Suzuki Hayabusa is a sports motorbike that was manufactured by Suzuki Motor Company in 1999. The ‘Busa’, as it is famous in the motorcycle world, kicked-off the big bike trend in India. It was the fastest manufactured motorcycle at the time and continues with today’s accelerated youth guns.

The Hayabusa Instrument Cluster options a group of four spherical analog gauges that show tachometers, speedometers, fuel meters, and coolant temperatures. It additionally gets a spherical LCD display (digital display) that shows the gear position indicator, clock, odometer, trip meter, and S-DMS map indicator.

Suzuki has launched the 2019 version of the iconic Hayabusa in two new colors grey and black with a pair of side reflectors to meet Indian safety standards. The price of the bike is  ₹13.74 Lakh INR. 

  • Displacement: 1340cc
  • Number of Cylinders: 4
  • Power: 197bhp @ 9500rpm
  • Torque : 155 Nm @ 7200 rpm
  • Fuel tank capacity: 21 L
  • Front Tyre: 120/70ZR17M/C
  • Rear Tyre: 190/50ZR17M/C 

Dimension

  • Length: 86.2” •  Width: 28.9” • Height: 45.8”
  • Wheelbase: 58.2”
  • Seat Height: 31.6”
  • Weight: 266kg 
  • Fuel: 5.5 L
Ettore Bugatti
Automative

Bugatti Founder – Ettore Bugatti Biography, Family,& More

Bugatti cars are one of the fastest and very expensive cars in the world, and to make this car a world’s famous brand its owner Ettore Bugatti had done very hard work to reach this position. 

Ettore Bugatti

Ettore Bugatti Biography

The original name of Ettore Bugatti was Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti. Ettore was a great Italian-French entrepreneur and automobile designers like Karl Benz and Ferruccio Lamborghini. And why he is known as an Italian-French entrepreneur we will tell you in this. Ettore is one of the most famous and well-known members of the list of successful entrepreneurs. He was born in Milan, Italy on the 15th of September in 1881. 

His Family

Ettore Bugatti belonged to an artistic family. Because his father Carlo Bugatti and his mother Teresa Lorioli both were Art Nouveau Furniture & Jewelry Designer, his younger Rembrandt Bugatti was a famous animal sculpture, and his father Giovanni Luigi Bugatti was a good architect and sculptor. While Ettore himself became an engineer and designer of luxurious automobiles.

Early Life and Career

In 1898 at the age of 17, he joined the bicycle and tricycle manufacturing company of Preneti and Stucci for the internship, where he made his first vehicle, a motorized tricycle operated by two engines made by De Dion for his first race. It was a circle trip from Verona to Mantua and back to Verona.

This extraordinary feat was soon followed by his first automobile in 1900. The outstanding construction method had been supported by Count Gulinelli, who saw the talent that the young engineer associate degree future manufacturing business was developing from such an early age. The project also won the young Ettore Award.

Ettore’s talent was also recognized by others, so on July 2, 1901, he got the job of technical director at the De Dietrich plant. Ettore Bugatti evolved a second prototype which was an award-winning exhibition at the Milan Trade Fair in the spring of 1901. In 1907, Bugatti was nominated as a Production Director with Detz.

During World War I

After the completion of the project in 1909, he ended his contract with Deutz. Despite being born in Italy, Bugatti owns his famous automobile company, the Automobiles E. Bugatti in Molsheim in the town of Germany at the Alsace region where he began manufacturing of the Bugatti T13. 

At that time the Alsace was German territory, it became French in 1919 and was annexed by Germany during World War II and later occupied by France in 1944 and he got the french citizenship in 1947. So that’s why Ettore Buggati is known as the Italian-French entrepreneur.

During the subsequent years, the recently established Bugatti automobile producing continued to expand, Ettore conjointly developing many alternative further projects together with the Bebe model for Peugeot. Bugatti style licenses were conjointly bought by Diatto in Torino, Rabag from Düsseldorf and Crossley from Manchester, Great Britain.

When the First World War began, the Bugatti moved back to Milan and then Paris with his family. While displaced from his home in Alsace in World War I. Bugatti started design airplane engines with 8 and 16 cylinders. During the wars, Ettore Bugatti designed a successfully motorized railcar dubbed the Autorel Bugatti and won a government contract to make an airplane, the Model 100.

The Type 13, which was sold between 1910 and 1920, had a 1.6L engine and a 4-valve head that was personally designed by Ettore. The car gets the second position in 1911 at Le Mans in a seven-hour-long race. His cars won him at Le Mans in 1920 and Brescia in 1921, winning three times thereafter. The winning streak continues, reaching over 400 victories by 1925.

Car Models

There are some of the initial car models of Bugatti.

  • Type 2 cars: In 1901, Bugatti launch his first car at an international exhibition in Milan. He built a car – Type 2 – with the help of Gulinelli Brothers and it won an award from the French Automobile Club. However, this project fell through when one of the Gulinelli brothers died. In the end, the license to produce a car sold to the company De Dietrich in Niederbronn, Alsace.
  • Type 5 cars: In 1903, the first racing car was designed by Bugatti. The chain-driven car was an upgraded version of the Gulinelli car, with a 12.9-liter displacement and a chassis with a tubular frame to circulate coolant.
  • Type 10/13 cars: Type 10 is the first “Pur Sang” developed by Bugatti. Fitted with the four-cylinder engine with a 1.3-liter displacement. IN 1910, the first machinery was delivered to Molsheim and production began on the eight-valve car. The production of Type 10 cars continued till 1914.
  • Type 18 cars: Type 18 had a four-cylinder, five-liter engine with a power output of 100Hp and a chain driver. The famous french pilot Roland Garros owned one of this extremely powerful racing car for when he needs to travel through the road.
  • Type 13 cars: The 16 value engine of type 13 was developed before the First World war. Production begins in Malsheim before the war and resumed in 1919 and proved extremely successful. Various versions with different chassis lengths were produced until 1926 the type- 15, 17, 22, and 23. The car was nicked name “Brescia” after winning the top four spots.
  • Type 28 cars: type 28 was built as a prototype in 1921, but a large number of a patent that was applied for paved the way for all subsequent Bugatti developments, especially the three-liter, eight-cylinder engine that appeared in this form for the first time.
  • Type 29/30 cars: The type 29/30 was Bugatti’s first eight-cylinder racing car. With a two-liter displacement, three valves per cylinder and an overhead camshaft, the engine achieve a power output of 80 hp. The car was fitted with the hydraulic braking system and boosted a revolutionary shape.
  • Type 30 TOURER: Bugatti’s first touring car was the type 30. Over 600 units were produced and sold between 1922 and 1926. Bugatti car was always designed to be suitable for racing, the meaning of type 30 could be used on both roads and racing tracks.
  • Type 32 cars: Bugatti entered the revolutionary-looking racing car in the french grant Prix in 1923 too. That year race was held on the tour. Bugatti used the body shell with a wing-shaped cross-section. However, the small wheelbase made it difficult to control, while the shape of the car tended to generate lift rather than downfall, So there is no surprise that the Bugatti managed no more than a third-place finish.
  • Type 35 cars: the Year 1924 was a Bugatti “Golden age”; production began on the success full type 35 race car. Ettore Bugatti introduces several innovations such as the striking horse shape of the radiator grille and the aluminum wheel. Type 35 become the most successful racing car of all time. No car was as fast, beautiful and safe as the eight-cylinder type 35 car built by Bugatti.
  • Type 37 cars: In 1926, 1.5-liter Brescia was succeeded by the car with the chassis and the body of type 35 and a small 1.5-liter, four-cylinder engine. This car was dubbed the type 37. At first glance, the engine looks like a four-cylinder version of type 28. Like the type 28, it had a plain bearing crankshaft instead of the racing crankshaft like the one used in type 35.

Decline of Bugatti

Beginning in 1933, Bugatti began to build railcars using Royale engines and other car parts. During the 1950s, a total of 85 railway personnel were created. His son Jean was already actively involved in the company and he was a very talented engineer.

Ettore Bugatti is the only car manufacturer that managed to combine tradition, innovation, and creativity into just one car model. In 1934, Ettore began producing the infamous and more expensive than you know the Type 57 model, whose chassis is designed entirely by his son.

During the Second World War, Ettore encountered two family deaths. First of his son Jean Bugatti, on 11 August 1939 at the age of 30 years. Jean died during a Type 57 tank body racer driving test near the Molsheim factory. He collided with a tree while trying to escape from a drunken cyclist who hit the track. Shortly thereafter, Ettore’s wife Barbara also died in 1944.

A photo of Ettore Bugatti with his son Jean Bugatti.

A photo of Ettore Bugatti with his son Jean Bugatti.

World War II devastated the factory in Molsheim, and the company lost control over the property. During this time, Ettore remarried with Genevieve Marguerit Deleuze in 1946 and had a son and a daughter with her. Bugatti planned a new factory in Levalovice in Paris to produce a range of new cars.

Death

A successful entrepreneur and great designer of automobile Ettore Bugatti passed away in Paris on the 21st of August 1947 at American Hospital affected by the paralysis of his mental faculties. He was buried in Dorlisheim in the Bugatti family plot near Moleshim.

Conclusion

Ettore Bugatti was a person who changes the automobile sector completely. He develops lots of beautiful car models and the expensive one also. Bugatti cars have traditionally been one of the most exquisite designs in automobile history. Even today, a Bugatti car can make heads turn whenever you spot them on the racing track.

flying car
Automative

Flying Cars: The Future is Near

We are living in the 21st century and in this century we are seeing daily technologies are upgrading and the latest technologies are coming into the market.

We have found many planets and a few months before on 10 April 2019 our scientists found black hole images which were not easy. We hope that day is not so far when we can make our home on the moon.

This is not about astronomy, it’s all about the technology and how we are progressing day by day. As from the title you already understood we will discuss the topic of flying cars here, which is also a part of the latest technologies.

Flying Cars: The Future is Near

The inventor of Flying Car

A flying car is a type of personal aerial vehicle that provides door-to-door transport by road and air both. The first flying car was already built in the 1970s. But it was a really big disaster. Many prototypes have been made since the first years of the twentieth century, but the result status has not yet been arrived. The flying car has captured the imaginations of the designers.

Henry Smolinski was a Northrop-trained engineer who quit his job to begin Advanced Vehicle Engineers, an organization targeted on transfer flying cars to market. Henry Smolinski was the inventor of the first flying car and he died in it. Since last year, scientists have been trying to correct an actual flying car – which is the best. An incomplete car has caused a lot of trouble in the past.

This is Era of Flying Cars

This is the era where companies are doing experiments on experiments and doing competitions to make their own flying car to beat other companies.

There are a lot of companies working on flying cars and Toyota intends to use its SkyDrive machine at the opening ceremony of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. Aska, a dual-purpose vehicle designed each to drive on roads and to fly through the air, therefore you’ll be able to lift yourself over the snarl-up. Aska will be the size of a large SUV when on the road and fits three passengers. Drone flying and navigation technology joint with the increasing urban crowd has begun to change people’s assumptions about what is possible.

These car doesn’t need a runway like airplanes. Fans that are enclosed within the wings and piercing the body of the vehicle themselves will make the aircraft stand upright.  After takeoff, rear-facing fans will push it ahead so that the wings produce lift and the car can fly longer distances more efficiently than a more drone-like design. The car can fly longer distances more efficiently than more drones.

In general, two types of flying cars have been developed. First, “fixed wings flying”. It is like a small plane with collapsible wings, which can be used to avoid traffic jams and travel on the road when approaching the destination.

Another one is, “Rotar-wing flying cars” or you say small helicopter. The wings can be folded on landing and the car can be driven on the road as well.

Its electric motors are powered by batteries that can be recharged with a conventional fuel motor to increase range.

How Safe?

Many of the peoples are wondering that is flying car safe or not?

The likely answer right now is “not safe” as with all early-stage technology. Companies are working breathlessly to make this project “Safe enough” in the hope of convincing the government that the vehicle can be entrusted with human lives.

But, there is a big safety challenge. One of the biggest is “what to do when things go badly wrong”.

With a normal car, you can stop and evacuate when somethings go wrong. But, a flying car may fall out of the sky, resulting in the death of a driver as well as co-passenger. Even in the worst case, the killing of people who are walking on the roads.

How fast- How far?

The future flying car provides a double boost, first from flying at an average speed of 100 km/h and second by taking the straightest path. For example, approximately to travel 10 km it will take 30 minutes when the traffic is freely flowing.

If we use the flying car (and there is a flying pad) then it will take only 7 minutes.

How easy?

There are lots of things about flying cars that are hard but, some problem becomes easier to handle.

There is a lot of space available for the car when you have access to a flying car, as long as a navigation problem becomes easy.

Driving the car several meters above the ground which means you have less traffic problem. You also don’t have to build expensive road infrastructure.

For self-driving flying cars, moving into the sky actually makes some aspects of planning and traffic control easier.

Advantages of the Flying Car

There are some advantages to flying cars.

  • If flying cars will successfully so the huge advantage will for the road drivers because it can reduce lots of traffic.
  • The public can easily travel in a short time that means time management will be easy for us.
  • The comprehensive majority of flying cars in development are designed to be electric, running on the latest battery technology. The use of batteries will reduce the use of petrol and diesel which is good for the environment.
  • Less need for on-ground infrastructure.
  • The flying automotive needs the person at the controls to be each a certified road driver and pilot. So, wider adoption would force computer systems to re-skill piloting.
  • The flying car should be capable of safe, reliable and environmentally friendly operation on public roads and air.
  • It will provide more lifestyle flexibility.

Disadvantages of the Flying Car

Flying cars are really good but they have disadvantages also.

  • To fly a car in the air it should not be weighty. In a car, not more than two or three people can ride at the same time.
  • You have to pay more money for the ride than other public transports because it requires more good maintenance.
  • As we told you to operate a flying car a person should good driver and certified pilot. So anyone could not get the license easily.
  • For the flying vehicle, we also need Air Traffic Police.
  • Flying cars may be good for humans to save time and travel easily. But these cars will affect the small birds. Like Sparrow and Pigeons who can not fly high can die after collision with the cars or these species can become extinct.
  • It required take-off and landing infrastructure which can cost very high.
  • Due to the collision with birds, it also can cause dangerous accidents for us too.

Conclusion

After reading the article you get the idea that it will take little more effort to do before flying cars can become common. The technology has to come a long way, mainly due to the rapid development of drones. But, the technology of the flying machine itself is just one part of a very complex system.

petrol engine
Automative

Difference Between Petrol and Diesel Engine

Do you know diesel and petrol are different fuels? Everybody knows. These fuels came out after the filtration of Crude oil. But we would not discuss the fuels here. Here we will tell you why diesel and petrol use in different engines. Petrol and diesel engines are classified on the basis of the respective fuels used by these engines. The engine which uses petrol to run is called a petrol engine while the one using diesel to run is called diesel engine.

So we like to discuss the diesel and petrol engine here and the differences between them.

Diesel and Petrol Engine

Diesel engine, any ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) in which the air is compressed to a high enough temperature to ignite the diesel oil injected into the cylinder, where expansion and combustion energize a piston. The diesel engine is also known as a compression engine. It is named after Rudolf’s engine.

The diesel engine can be made to run on an alternative and renewable source of energy such as Biodiesel with little or no modification. Biodiesel generally refers to used vegetable oil that has been used for cooking and it can also be recycled and treated so that it can be used to power diesel cars.

A Petrol engine is an Internal Combustion Engine in which the spark ignition is fitted. In this engine fuel and air are usually mixed after compression. The former mixture was formerly used in a carburetor, but now it is done by electronically controlled fuel injection.

Diesel and petrol engines are the main engines in the automobile industry nowadays, and both are internal combustion engines. The diesel engine uses a compression ignition technology to ignite the fuel. In a diesel engine, fuel is injected into the compression chamber under high pressure and it compresses into the compression chamber.

Diesel engine uses compression ignition, which can quickly ruin the gas engine and because they have come from a workhorse heritage, they tend to be reliable and required less care as compared to the petrol engine.

The output of the diesel and petrol engines is measured in terms of horsepower and torque. Horsepower is a measure of power, while torque is the measure of an engine twisting force on the driveline. A big amount of both are great, but if you have a lot of horsepower with little torque than your vehicle is going to be slow. Its torque which helps to get things moving, that is why diesel engines are used in big vehicles such as trucks.

While in a petrol engine, air and petrol are mixed in the carburetor and it enters the cylinder. In diesel engines and petrol engines, different technology uses which is called spark ignition technology. It has a spark plug, and after each compression stroke, there will be spark ignition.

A diesel engine takes less fuel than the petrol engine. Diesel is more dangerous from the standpoint of solid particles thrown out from diesel engines suspended in the air. The diesel engine doesn’t have a spark plug, that it intakes the air and compresses it and it injects the fuel directly into the combustion chamber which may cause some respiratory issues because it has a tendency to accumulate in our lungs. The smoothness of the petrol engine is a strong advantage, favored by people.

Diesel Engine v/s Petrol Engine

  • The petrol engine works on the Otto cycle, which consists of two isochoric processes and two isentropic processes while the diesel engine works on the diesel cycle.
  • Diesel is used as fuel in this engine which is a non-volatile fuel, wherein the petrol engine the fuel is highly volatile (volatile mean; the liquid solution which vaporized automatically when it contact with the air).
  • The petrol engine is fitted with a spark plug while the diesel engine is fitted with a fuel injector.
  • Petrol engines are commonly used in lightweight vehicles such as cars, motorcycles, scooters, etc. Diesel engines are used in heavy vehicles such as buses, trucks, etc.
  • Petrol engines need repeatedly overhauling, wherein the diesel engine overhauling occurs after a very long time.
  • The petrol engine maintenance cost is lower than the diesel engine.
  • In the diesel engine more power is produced due to a high compression ratio (15 to 25) wherein the petrol engine has a lower compression ratio ( 6 to 10) so it produces less power than the diesel engine.
  • The thermal efficiency in a diesel engine is 40% and in a petrol engine, it is 26%.
  • In the petrol engine, the compression is about 10 bar and in diesel engines, the compression is about 35 bar.
  • In a diesel engine, the ignition is caused by the heat generated during the compression stroke by a high compression ratio. Hence it is called a compression ignition (CI) engine. In a petrol engine, the spark plug is generated by the spark plug into the chamber plug so the ignition is caused by a spark from an external source, hence it is called a spark ignition (SI) engine.
  • Diesel engine is more efficient, car can get incredible mileage out of them whereas in the car with a petrol engine are less efficient.
  • Due to the high compression ratio, the diesel engine has large vibration so it produces a loud noise. Due to the low compression ratio, the petrol engine has low vibrations so it produces low noise.
  • Diesel engine fuel efficiency is better than the petrol engine.
  • Diesel engines turbocharged more easily. 
  • Diesel fuel doesn’t consist of lead and emission from regulated pollutants such as carbon monoxide. However, diesel engine does create high emission of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter as compared to the petrol car, which is considered as carcinogenic (carcinogenic simply means the thing which causes cancer). Despite the fact that diesel provides a better fuel economy, petrol burns cleaner than diesel, this is the reason why diesel cars lack behind petrol cars in terms of usage.
  • The high compression of gases within the cylinder, diesel engines are built extremely hard and will generally last longer than their petrol counterparts. They can also go longer between maintenance.
  • Diesel engines torque is high where the petrol engine torque is lower than the diesel engines.
  • Diesel engines are also low-speed engines due to heavyweight and due to heterogeneous combustion. Petrol engines are also high-speed engines due to lightweight and homogeneous combustion.

Conclusion

So, from the above article, you can get an idea about which engine is better and which one is not. Both petrol and diesel have their own advantages and disadvantages. Even though diesel has more fuel efficiency and mileage than petrol, it is costlier and required high maintenance costs. Hence, the better choice between the two fuel depends upon the user requirement and needs of the customer( if your car travel is not very sustained, then you can go for a petrol engine while for a long and frequent run you can go for the diesel engine). as the difference between both the fuel are considering changing over time.

Automative

How to Clean Your Car Engine Inside

Today we will love to discuss how to keep clean your car engine. Because the engine is one of the most important parts of the vehicle which helps your car or vehicle to move from one place to another place. The engine is also known as the heart of the car. Because without this the vehicle cannot move a single centimetre too. So it is necessary to clean your engine with the exterior and interior of the car.

How to Clean Your Car Engine

A clean engine bay can make it straightforward to conduct repairs or upkeep. If it’s been a long time since your engine has been cleaned, it may take some time to allow it to soak through the grime, and a bit of elbow oil to accumulate oil deposits. It is good to clean your engine and engine bay before cleaning and washing your car. Therefore you can ensure that you can wash and rinse off any decomposition that reaches the painted components.

Ideally, choose a hot day. Warm weather, especially low humidity with some air, will help in drying the engine and components after cleaning. If the car was running, flip the hood and allow the engine to cool for at least half an hour. Hot engine components can not only burn you, but they can be damaged by rapid contractions if sprayed with cold water.

Ready the Engine for Cleaning

Try and remove any debris stuck in from the grill, hood or vent opening. This debris can become an issue and even if left to sit on the engine or electrical system for a long time, a fire can occur. You can clean this by using an air compressor (air compressor can make easy your work) or with the hand brush. It is common to collect pine needles and leaves under the windshield and then fall into the engine bay.

Secure car’s electrical system

It is time to prevent the engine from getting wet. Such components are required to properly cover various components of the car’s electrical system, including batteries, to prevent any major damage by water. 

Cover sensor, expiring wiring, distributor and spark plug opening. The plastic bag works well for this job and requires only a small tape or rubber band to attach it. You are not looking to make the engine waterproof, you just want to prevent these items from soaking with water.

Remove the Connectors from Battery

Spraying water directly into your engine bay can cause AC, fuses blowing, or other damage to some electrical components. Prevent the battery by loosening the bolt on the negative terminal and sliding the terminal’s ground cable. You can choose to disconnect the positive terminal to remove and clean the battery outside the engine bay.

If you leave the battery in the vehicle, tuck the ground cable sideways to prevent it from coming into contact with the terminal. If you allow the battery within the vehicle, tuck the bottom cable to the aspect to forestall it from returning into contact with the terminal.

Degrease the Engine

There are many brands of engines you can choose from, but most of them operate in the same way. Spray the entire engine compartment with a degreaser. Any household degreaser will work, whether it is a kitchen cleaner or an engine degreaser. Spray the degreaser on the engine from top to bottom, as this will make sure total coverage.

Degreaser of the engine can remove the clear coat of the paint, so do not overspray when covering the engine. Degreaser can remove glare from automotive paint. Rinse down the degreaser from the painted surfaces as soon as possible.

Let the degreaser to soak in for five minutes

If your car engine is clean, allow the degreaser to soak for about five minutes. Very dirty engines require eight to ten minutes for the degreaser to loosen everything. The longer it sits down, the better it will work. After five minutes or so the engine will start dripping.

Scrub the engine

Depending on however dirty your engine is, you will not scrub. With the engine still soaking, use a tough bristle or steel toothbrush to scrape off any giant amounts of oil, burnt oil or lime. Add a lot of degreasers if needed.

Wear eye protection when scrubbing the engine to avoid degrading your eyes. Wear gloves to prevent prolonged contact with deterioration on your skin. You only need to scrub the engine if it has grimly trapped massive deposits. 

Rinse engine

If you have a power washer, you can use it on a light setting, but a standard hose will also work. Do not use a high-pressure hose to rinse the engine, as it may cut wires or penetrate the plastic you use to cover electronics. Rub the entire compartment, washing all degreaser, working from back to front. Try not to spray electrical components directly, and try to prevent spraying a lot of water in areas that cannot dry out easily. 

If you rinse the engine completely and it still looks dirty, apply to degrease again and let it sit for a few more minutes.

Let Dry it

If you have compressed air available, you can blast air into the nooks and cranes to drain excess water. If not, with a towel or rag you can wipe everything. It will not release water completely, although it will facilitate taking away remaining grime.

Wash Car

Once you’ve got rinsed the engine off, you ought to begin laundry your automotive in real-time. this may make sure you clean any engine degreaser off of painted parts before it’s the prospect to try to any important injury.

Be sure to use a separate bucket, sponge, rags, and towels on the body of the car. Wax any area of ​​the car that has been exposed to the degreaser. 

Cleaning specific engine components

Remove the cable on the battery and use a wire brush to clean the terminals, until they are clean exposed metal. Soaking the ends of battery cables in an associate degree anti-corrosion chemical, such as CLR, can also guarantee a powerful electrical association. 

If the battery has corrosion caused by leaky battery acid, you’ll be able to neutralize it as you clean by employing a combination of sodium hydrogen carbonate and water. Pour a touch of the sodium hydrogen carbonate into a bucket of water and blend it completely. Dip your brush within the mixture and use that to wash the battery terminals and the other areas acid might have leaked. Baking soda makes an effective cleaning solution as well as a neutralizer for battery acid.

Plastic elements of your engine, like engine covers and reservoir caps, are also tough to wash clean. Begin by employing a stiff toothed, plastic setose brush together with automotive wash soap or degreaser. Once the exhausting to get rid of grime has been removed, use a sponge with automotive wash soap to urge the last of the grime off before removal of the items with water. Avoid using a steel-toothed brush on plastic as it may scratch.

To Spot a Clean Crim Deposit Use Brake Cleaner

Brake cleaner breaks up grime and evaporates quickly. Insert the straw into the nozzle of the brake cleaner and direct it at laborious to scrub spots or areas wherever the grime is especially thick. Use a tough toothed brush to wash the grime away, then spray it once more with brake cleaner to rinse it. 

Be careful using brake cleaners in enclosed areas as fumes can be dangerous. The brake cleaner is extremely flammable, so do not use it when smoking or near flames.

Follow these easy steps to clean your engine. Regular cleaning of the engine will prevent you from major damages and expenses.

Automative

Karl Benz Biography: The Biggest Contribution Of Karl-Benz

Mercedes is one of the luxury car models. The specialization of Mercedes is its power-packed performance and its classic style. This is one of the dream cars that every person would want to park in front of their home because it is a luxury car with a powerful engine and also very valuable too. 

The Mercedes car was owned by Karl Benz (Carl in french). He was the German engineer and businessman who designed the world’s first internal combustion engine automobile. Karl was born on the 25th of November 1844 in Muhlburg, Karlsruhe, Germany in a poor family. His full name was Karl Friedrich Michael Vaillant.

His father Mr. Johann George Benz was passed away when Karl was only two years old. He passed away in a railway accident. After the father’s death, the whole burden of the house and Karl’s care was on his mother Mrs. Josephine Vaillant’s shoulders. She tried to provide him the best education.

Education of Karl Benz

Karl studied at the local grammar school in Karlsruhe and was an eccentric student. In 1853, at the age of nine, he started in a scientifically oriented Lyceum. Then he enrolled in poly-technical university and studied under the Ferdinand Redtenbacher.

Karl originally focused his studies on locksmithing but eventually followed his father’s footsteps toward locomotive engineering. At the age of fifteen in 1860 he took the admission in the University of Karlsruhe after passing the entrance exam. At the age of 19, he was graduated from the university on 9 July 1864. 

Karl Benz Dream

Karl was fond of riding his bicycle, and he dreamed of making a fully mechanized automobile, or “horseless carriage”. He worked in a number of engineering jobs but found none that satisfied him. He took seven years of professional training in several companies. Training began at Karlsruhe with two years of various jobs at a mechanical engineering company. Later he shifted toward Mannheim to work as a draftsman and designer in a scales factory and in 1868 he went to Pforzheim to work for a bridge construction company. 

Karl’s Discoveries and works

In 1871 in Mannheim, he founded an Iron Foundry and Sheet Metal Workshop with his partner August Ritter. Business went into trouble. The first year of the venture was a complete disaster. Ritter became unreliable and the local authorities seized the business. Then he bought Ritter’s share in the company using a dowry provided by his fiancée, Bertha Ringer’s father.

Karl and Bertha were married on 20 July 1872 and had five children: Eugen, Richard, Clara, Thilde and Ellen

Despite such commercial misfortune, Carl Benz led the development of new engines. Karl began to develop various parts of the vehicle that he had imagined. including ignition, spark plugs, gear, carburetor, water radiator, and clutch. He focused all his efforts on creating a reliable gasoline two-stroke engine. On December 31, 1878, Karl abolished its two-stroke engine on New Year’s Eve, and in 1879 a patent was provided for it.

His invention was amazing but the problem shows its usefulness to the world. This type of thing was never there before and people saw no use for it, nor did they find it practical. This situation was dealt with tactfully by Bertha; In 1888, he threw the car into his mother’s house in Pforzheim. Traveling a 106 kilometers distance.

It was done without her husband’s information and she only informed her safe arrival through telegram when she reached. This was the first long-distance journey that was ever tried and changed public opinion about the safety and practicality of the means of transportation. An antique car race is now taken every two years along the stretch of road that she traveled to commemorate the drive undertaken there by Bertha.

Karl Benz’s Business expansion of company (Benz and Cia)

The Karl set to improve the car’s features, connecting brake lining and additional gear for driving on the slope. Sales began, and their cars received tremendous publicity and appreciation at the 1889 World’s Fair in Paris. Demand increased and accordingly the production facilities were expanded. The number of employees increased from 50 to 430 in 1899.

Due to its size, in 1899, Benz & Cie became a joint-stock company with the arrival of Frederick Von Fischer who were boarded as members of the management board. New directors recommended that Karl should make less expensive automobiles for mass production. In 1893, Karl Benz made Victoria a two-passenger automobile with a 3-hp engine, which can reach a top speed of 11 mph and a pivot front axle powered by a roller-chained tiller for steering.

Karl and Bertha started a series of companies at the beginning of 1900 and maintained their position as major automobile producers in Europe. By 1904, Benz and Cie had sales of 3,480 automobiles and the company was the leading manufacturer of automobiles. By the 1920s, however, there was intense competition between Benz and Daimler- the Mercedes engine manufacturers. The cost of production was rising due to inflation and sales were increasing for both companies. 

In 1924, the two companies signed a “Mutual Interest of Agreement”, which led to joint production, marketing, purchasing, and advertising efforts, but each company still retained its own brand name. Finally, in 1926, the two companies merged with Daimler-Benz and started producing Mercedes-Benz cars, as we know them today.

Benz’s sons, Eugen and Richard, left Benz & Cie in 1903. But Richard returned to the company in 1904 as a designer of passenger vehicles.

Karl Benz became a board member of the newly established company and remained for the remainder of his life. 

Karl & Bertha Benz Death

The merger proved beneficial. In 1927, the number of units was tripled to 7,918 and diesel line was started for truck production. In 1928 Mercedes Benz SS was entered.

At the age of 84 on April 4, 1929, Karl Benz died from Bronchial Inflammation in his lungs at home in Ladenburg. At the age of 95 until her death on 5 May 1944, Bertha Benz lived in her last home. Other family members lived in the house for thirty more years. Benz Homes is now designated as Historic and is used as a scientific meeting facility for a non-profit foundation.

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